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In fiscal year 1981, Congress appropriated $1.85 billion for home heating assistance to help low-income households meet rapidly rising energy costs. Eligibility for payments was based on income and energy-cost criteria. This procedure represented a departure from the earlier Federal focus of assisting households facing emergency hardships. Funds for the(More)
  • D Rigby
  • 2001
Nurses have an important role in continence promotion. Deborah Rigby argues that effective continence care should be multidisciplinary and seamless, from the patient's home through primary care and local community services to secondary hospital services.
This paper gives a broad overview of suprapubic catheterization. Community nurses can often feel they lack experience with suprapubic catheter general care and routine changes. This paper sets out the advantages and disadvantages of suprapubic catheters, the procedure for routine change and the golden rules for general care. The paper contains an(More)
Blind and disabled Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients may work and continue to receive benefits under certain provisions of the program. For those persons the basic earned income exclusions of the program apply, l which recognize the costs associated with employment and assures that they will have a higher gross income when they work than if they(More)
The 1972 Social Security Amendments replaced the Federal-State public assistance programs for the needy aged, blind, and disabled with the Federal supplemental security income (SSI) program. They also changed the automatic Medicaid eligibility provision under title XIX of the Social Security Act for the cash assistance population. This article provides(More)