Deborah Renaud

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Influence of chronic spinal cord stimulation upon some characteristic enzyme activities of energy metabolism was investigated in slow anterior (ALD) and fast posterior (PLD) latissimus dorsii muscles of the chick embryo. During embryonic life, oxidative metabolism (as evaluated by the activity of malate dehydrogenase (MDH] represents the main energetic(More)
The levels of the neural axis from which parasympathetic and orthosympathetic neurons and adrenomedullary cells are derived under normal developmental conditions were determined in avian embryos by a biological labeling technique. The technique is based on nuclear differences between two species of birds, the chick and the quail. In quail interphase nuclei(More)
The aim of this work was to study the influence upon differentiation of muscle fiber types of the multiple innervation induced in a fast muscle by chronic spinal cord stimulation. In previous work, we showed that low-frequency stimulation applied to the spinal cord of the chick embryo caused a distributed innervation of muscle fibers in the posterior(More)
Histochemical differentiation of the chick anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) muscle was studied during embryonic development and after hatching. The two types of adult ALD tonic fibres (alpha' and beta') differentiate from a pool of acid and alkali-stable myofibrillar ATPase fibres. Intermediate stages of the transformation from beta' to alpha' were observed.(More)
Heterotopic transplantations of fragments of neural tube have been performed in the chick embryo on stage 22 somites. Brachial motor centres were replaced by a posterior segment of spinal cord. As a result, synpatic patterns of Posterior Latissimus Dorsi (PLD) and Anterior Latissimus Dorsi (ALD) were modified : PLD exhibited numerous muscle fibers with a(More)
Cerebral creatine deficiency syndromes (CCDS) are a group of inborn errors of creatine metabolism that involve AGAT and GAMT for creatine biosynthesis disorders and SLC6A8 for creatine transporter (CT1) deficiency. Deficiencies in the three enzymes can be distinguished by intermediate metabolite levels, and a definitive diagnosis relies on the presence of(More)
The accumulation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), the changes in AChE-specific activity and in AChE molecular form distribution were studied in slow-tonic anterior latissimus dorsi (ALD) and in fast-twitch posterior latissimus dorsi (PLD) muscles of the chick embryo. From stage 36 (day 11) to stage 42 (day 17) of Hamburger and Hamilton, the AChE-specific(More)