Deborah R. Gerhardt

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A surprising amount of everyday expression is, strictly speaking, nonsense. But courts and scholars have done little to consider whether or why such meaningless speech falls within " the freedom of speech. " If, as many suggest, meaning is what separates speech from sound and expression from conduct, then the constitutional case for nonsense is complicated.(More)
In March of 2012, a company named Aereo began offering a service that provided consumers with an inexpensive way to watch broadcast television programming. Although many consumers embraced Aereo's service, the nation's broadcasters saw Aereo as a threat to their revenue stream. Seeking to put Aereo out of business, the broadcasters filed a copyright(More)
Here we determined the relative expression of HERV-K and W proviruses in HIV infected and non-infected mothers as well as their respective babies up to 1 year-old. HIV-infected mothers, their babies and uninfected control groups presented expression of both HERV-K and HERV-W with relatively high frequency. While the level of HERV-K expression was similar(More)
Human endogenous retroviruses of the K family (HERV-K) are among the most recently integrated retroviruses in the human genome. HERV-K mRNA can be detected in normal tissues, but its expression is remarkably enhanced in HIV-1 infected patients due to HIV-Tat induction. Additionally, HERV-K activity stimulates both humoral and cellular responses, suggesting(More)
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