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This aim of this study was to assess the impact of the introduction of a standardised early warning scoring system (SEWS) on physiological observations and patient outcomes in unselected acute admissions at point of entry to care. A sequential clinical audit was performed on 848 patients admitted to a combined medical and surgical assessment unit during two(More)
A multidrug resistance phenotype is frequently observed in animal and human cell lines selected for in vitro resistance to a single chemotherapeutic agent. Overexpression of a highly conserved cell-surface glycoprotein (P-glycoprotein) is consistently associated with this phenotype in these mutant lines. A monoclonal antibody against P-glycoprotein was used(More)
Myeloid leukemia arises from leukemia stem cells (LSCs), which are resistant to standard chemotherapy agents and likely to be a major cause of drug-resistant disease and relapse. To investigate the in vivo properties of LSCs, we developed a mouse model in which the biologic features of human LSCs are closely mimicked. Primitive normal hematopoietic cells(More)
BACKGROUND Trichomonas vaginalis is a common pathogen that is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and may serve as a cofactor in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. GOAL To define the epidemiology of trichomoniasis in a population of newly incarcerated pregnant women in New York City. STUDY DESIGN Prospective study of 213 pregnant(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the patterns of alternative medicine use in patients of a public hospital oncology unit, and to compare patients' experience of alternative with conventional medicine. DESIGN AND SETTING Self-administered questionnaire survey of cancer patients attending specialist consulting rooms at the Royal North Shore Hospital and the Oncology(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a common maintenance renal replacement modality for children with ESRD frequently compromised by infectious peritonitis and catheter exit site and tunnel infections (ESI/TI). The effect of topical mupirocin (Mup) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution was evaluated as part of routine daily exit site(More)
Overexpression of an immunologically conserved, cell-surface glycoprotein (P-glycoprotein) is consistently associated with multidrug resistance in cell lines in vitro. A preliminary survey of specimens from 12 solid tumor types in our laboratories indicates significant overexpression of P-glycoprotein in some sarcomas. When tested by immunoblotting with(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic infections with the nematode worm Strongyloides stercoralis can occur in former WWII Far East prisoners of war (FEPOWs). The condition may be asymptomatic, but frequently causes a characteristic urticarial 'larva currens' rash. Under conditions of immunosuppression (particularly systemic corticosteroid treatment) potentially fatal(More)
Given the unique abilities of a stem cell to self-renew, differentiate, and proliferate, it is no wonder that they are critically important to an organism during development and to maintain homeostasis. Likewise, when something goes awry within a stem cell, it is likely to have far-reaching effects, since stem cells persist throughout the lifetime of the(More)