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Skeletal muscle has been recognized as a potential source for generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species for more than 20 years. Initial investigations concentrated on the potential role of mitochondria as a major source for generation of superoxide as a "by-product" of normal oxidative metabolism, but recent studies have identified multiple(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is thought to play multiple roles in skeletal muscle including regulation of some adaptations to contractile activity, but appropriate methods for the analysis of intracellular NO activity are lacking. In this study we have examined the intracellular generation of NO in isolated single mature mouse skeletal muscle fibres at rest and(More)
Increased amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by skeletal muscle during contractile activity, but their intracellular source is unclear. The oxidation of 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCFH) was examined as an intracellular probe for reactive oxygen species in skeletal muscle myotubes derived from muscles of wild-type mice and mice(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by skeletal muscle stimulate adaptive responses to activity and mediate some degenerative processes. ROS activity is usually studied by measuring indirect end-points of their reactions with various biomolecules. In order to develop a method to measure the intracellular ROS generation in real-time in mature skeletal(More)
An increase in the activity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been implicated in the mechanisms of loss of skeletal muscle that occurs during aging, but few studies have attempted to directly assess activities in intact muscle fibers. The current project used the nonspecific fluorescent probe for ROS and reactive nitrogen species,(More)
Jackson MJ, Pye D, Palomero J. The production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species by skeletal muscle. J Appl Physiol 102: 1664–1670, 2007. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01102.2006.—Skeletal muscle has been recognized as a potential source for generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species for more than 20 years. Initial investigations concentrated on the(More)
Mice lacking Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) show accelerated, age-related loss of muscle mass. Lack of SOD1 may lead to increased superoxide, reduced nitric oxide (NO), and increased peroxynitrite, each of which could initiate muscle fiber loss. Single muscle fibers from flexor digitorum brevis of wild-type (WT) and Sod1(-/-) mice were loaded with(More)
Skeletal muscle is repeatedly exposed to passive stretches due to the activation of antagonist muscles and to external forces. Stretch has multiple effects on muscle mass and function, but the initiating mechanisms and intracellular signals that modulate those processes are not well understood. Mechanical stretch applied to some cell types induces(More)
It is often difficult to distinguish between morphology-dependent resonance and Raman intensity features in nonlinear Raman spectra of organic fuel droplets. In theory the morphology-dependent resonances can be deconvoluted from single-shot spectra, but in practice this is difficult because of shot-to-shot parameter variation. Frequency-analysis methods(More)
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