Deborah O. Erwin

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Narrative forms of communication-including entertainment education, journalism, literature, testimonials, and storytelling-are emerging as important tools for cancer prevention and control. To stimulate critical thinking about the role of narrative in cancer communication and promote a more focused and systematic program of research to understand its(More)
Breast cancer and early detection of the disease is a significant issue for all women. Moreover, the sociocultural implications in the differential mortality rates increased interest in possible barriers to screening practices. Recently, a number of studies have investigated African Americans' cultural beliefs associated with breast cancer. This study is(More)
PURPOSE This study examines the effectiveness of the Witness Project, a culturally competent cancer education program that trains cancer survivors to promote early detection and increased breast self-examination and mammography in a population of rural, underserved, African American women. DESCRIPTION OF STUDY The primary setting for the Witness(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of replicating an evidence-based model, the Witness Project, for increasing breast and cervical cancer screening with African American women in a variety of locations and organizations in the United States. The quantitative and qualitative methods included a cadre of process and outcome measures(More)
The use of lay health advisors (LHAs) to promote community-based health education programs is well documented and is considered an effective way to reach underserved communities. Esperanza y Vida (Hope & Life) is an educational outreach program to increase breast and cervical cancer screening for diverse Latinas. It incorporates Latino LHAs (men and women)(More)
Latinos are one of the fastest-growing population groups in the USA, and are underrepresented in scientific research and even more so in genetic research. The disproportionately lower number of certain subpopulations participating in biomedical research has a significant impact on the representativeness of scientific outcomes. We established a collaboration(More)
As similar cancer health disparities have been documented for African American (AA) women and Latinas, it would be important to determine whether comparable interventions could be used to increase screening among these 2 culturally different populations. This paper reports research findings comparing cultural dimensions of breast and cervical cancer as they(More)
BACKGROUND The five-year survival rate for African American women with breast cancer is notably lower than the rate for white women; thus, appropriate cancer education and screening efforts are needed to increase mammography and breast self-examination practices by African American women. METHODS The Witness Project is a theory-based intervention designed(More)
While there is a growing interest in the development of cancer control intervention initiatives, there continues to be a need to understand how the nuances of different Latino cultures translate to opportunities and barriers for access to cancer screening and care. The diversity by country of origin for Latinas in the United States is often overlooked in(More)
INTRODUCTION Cancer survivors play a vital role in cancer control as messengers of hope and information, and advocates for prevention and screening. Understanding what makes survivor stories effective can enhance survivor-delivered programs and interventions. METHODS By random assignment and using a cross-classified design, 200 African American women(More)