Background: Dual infection with HIV-1 and HIV-2, which is not uncommon in West Africa, has important implications for transmission , progression, and antiretroviral therapy. Few studies have examined HIV viral dynamics in this setting. Methods: We compared HIV-1 and HIV-2 viral loads from 65 dually infected, antiretroviral therapy-naı¨ve Senegalese… (More)
Deputy Minister, of the Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities. At issue was the renewal of financial support for the Institute from the province. Various testimonials for the achievements of the Institute were given; they ranged from formative student experiences through medical research applications and conferences on advance topics in… (More)
Shoulder disorders are most commonly manifested by pain and limited function. Careful history and examination help the physician localize the problem to the shoulder joint, the surrounding tissues or adjacent sites that can cause referred pain to the shoulder. Common extrinsic causes of shoulder pain include postural problems and cervical spine disorders.