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Toll-like receptors (TLR) are engaged by ligands on microbial pathogens to initiate innate and adaptive immune responses. Little is known about TLR involvement during infection with Mycobacterium(More)
Reference genes are frequently used to normalize between different biological samples the levels of mRNA measured using quantitative PCR (qPCR). The expression level of many commonly used reference(More)
Mycobacterium paratuberculosis causes Johne's disease, a chronic bowel disease in ruminants worldwide and is currently incurable. This study was conducted to compare methods for examining the(More)