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Journals and Conferences
Use of diagnostic imaging studies for evaluation of pregnant patients with medical conditions not related to pregnancy poses a persistent and recurring dilemma. Although a theoretical risk of carcinogenesis exists, there are no known risks for development of congenital malformations or mental retardation in a fetus exposed to ionizing radiation at the… (More)
Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a vascular disorder that is easily overlooked or misdiagnosed. It occurs in a variety of clinical settings which disrupt normal blood flow through the internal jugular vein. Intravenous drug abusers represent a high risk group in this study. Diagnosis is readily made by computed tomography. Seven patients are presented,… (More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics of 40 tumors involving the parapharyngeal space and the upper part of the neck were reviewed. These lesions could be classified as being either hypervascular (glomus tumors or metastatic kidney, thyroid, or venous hemangiomas) or hypovascular (salivary gland tumors, neurogenic tumors, lymphomas, sarcomas).… (More)
We report on the appearance of parathyroid, thyroid, and cervical thymic cysts on computed tomography (CT) scans. The differential diagnostic considerations include thyroglossal and branchial cleft cysts, cystic hygromas, primary and metastatic tumors, dermoids, teratomas, choristomas, tracheoesophageal and cervical bronchogenic cysts, as well as cystic… (More)
Vascular lesions of the orbit may be classified on the basis of their natural history, growth pattern, and histologic composition as capillary hemangiomas, venous vascular malformations, venous lymphatic malformations, arterial and arteriovenous lesions, or neoplasms. Most follow a characteristic pattern of clinical development and have one or more specific… (More)
Malignant external otitis is an aggressive infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa that most often occurs in elderly diabetics. Malignant external otitis often spreads inferiorly from the external canal to involve the subtemporal area and progresses medially towards the petrous apex leading to multiple cranial nerve palsies. The computed tomographic (CT)… (More)
Three cases of surgically proved pseudotumor of the orbital apex with intracranial extension occurred. All demonstrated bony destruction. Varying degrees of ophthalmoplegia and visual loss were present in all three. Previous computed tomographic descriptions of the patterns of orbital pseudotumor have not included bone destruction. Further, intracranial… (More)
CT is an excellent means of evaluating patients with neck masses. It has the capability of defining the precise location of a mass and its effect on adjacent structures. The information obtained on CT may be used to determine the best possible approach for biopsy or surgery and to determine radiation therapy ports.
Part 2 of this article concerns itself with alterations in the normal anatomy (described in part 1) by various disease processes. Ten patients are described with various facial masses. The role of computed tomography in the clinical workup of these patients is stressed.
The totally implantable catheter system has gained popularity as venous access when prolonged treatment is needed. Despite its frequent use, intravascular fracture and embolization of catheter fragments from implantable venous port-catheter systems present a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. Any implanted catheters should therefore be… (More)