Deborah L Rasmussen

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The pathophysiology of hepatic steatosis, a prerequisite of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, is poorly understood. Because very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) formation is the chief route of hepatic lipid export, we hypothesized that the synthesis of apoB-100, a rate-determining step in hepatic VLDL formation, may be altered in patients with nonalcoholic(More)
Although the molecular basis for the pathophysiology of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is poorly understood, insulin resistance and mitochondrial dysfunction are physiologic hallmarks of this condition. We sought evidence of a transcriptional or pretranscriptional basis for insulin resistance and mitochondrial dysfunction through measurement of hepatic(More)
Treatment of acute cellular rejection (ACR) is associated with increased viral load, more severe histologic recurrence, and diminished patient and graft survival after liver transplantation for hepatitis C virus (HCV). Recurrence of HCV may be difficult to distinguish histologically from ACR. Because the immunologic mechanisms of ACR and HCV recurrence are(More)
We measured the effects of raising perfusate pH on ventilator-induced cell wounding and repair in ex vivo mechanically ventilated hypercapnic rat lungs. Lungs were randomized to one of three perfusate groups: 1) unbuffered hypercapnic acidosis, 2) bicarbonate-buffered hypercapnia, or 3) tris-hydroxymethyl aminomethane (THAM)-buffered hypercapnia. The(More)
Once excess liquid gains access to air spaces of an injured lung, the act of breathing creates and destroys foam and thereby contributes to the wounding of epithelial cells by interfacial stress. Since cells are not elastic continua, but rather complex network structures composed of solid as well as liquid elements, we hypothesize that plasma membrane (PM)(More)
RATIONALE Wounded alveolus resident cells are identified in human and experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome models. Poloxamer 188 (P188) is an amphiphilic macromolecule shown to have plasma membrane-sealing properties in various cell types. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether P188 (1) protects alveolus resident cells from necrosis and (2) is(More)
active, refractory UC received infliximab as single (2/12) or multiple (10/12) infusions. All patients were steroid-dependent at the time of initial infusion (mean dose 45 mg/day) and all but one were receiving at least 1 immunomodulator, or had failed therapy. Six patients had pancolitis and six with left-sided disease. Demographic, clinical information(More)
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