Deborah L Perlstein

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The fidelity of DNA replication and repair processes is critical for maintenance of genomic stability. Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in dNTP production and thus plays an essential role in DNA synthesis. The level and activity of RNR are highly regulated by the cell cycle and DNA damage checkpoints, which maintain optimal(More)
The R2 subunits of class I ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) house a diferric-tyrosyl radical (Y*) cofactor essential for DNA synthesis. In yeast, there are two R2 proteins, Y2 and Y4. Although both Y2 and Y4 are homologous to R2s from other organisms, Y4 lacks three conserved iron-binding residues, and its exact function is unclear. Y4 is required for(More)
Class I ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the reduction of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides. Eukaryotic RNRs comprise two subunits, the R1 subunit, which contains substrate and allosteric effector binding sites, and the R2 subunit, which houses a catalytically essential diiron-tyrosyl radical cofactor. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, there are(More)
The class I ribonucleotide reductases catalyze the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides and are composed of two subunits: R1 and R2. R1 contains the site for nucleotide reduction and the sites that control substrate specificity and the rate of reduction. R2 houses the essential diferric-tyrosyl radical (Y(*)) cofactor. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae,(More)
The class I ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) are composed of two homodimeric subunits: R1 and R2. R2 houses a diferric-tyrosyl radical (Y*) cofactor. Saccharomyces cerevisiae has two R2s: Y2 (beta2) and Y4 (beta'2). Y4 is an unusual R2 because three residues required for iron binding have been mutated. While the heterodimer (betabeta') is thought to be the(More)
The moenomycins are phosphoglycolipid antibiotics produced by Streptomyces ghanaensis and related organisms. The phosphoglycolipids are the only known active site inhibitors of the peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases, an important family of enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of the bacterial cell wall. Although these natural products have exceptionally(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the reduction of ribonucleotides to the corresponding deoxyribonucleotides and is an essential enzyme for DNA replication and repair. Cells have evolved intricate mechanisms to regulate RNR activity to ensure high fidelity of DNA replication during normal cell-cycle progression and of DNA repair upon genotoxic(More)
Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the conversion of nucleoside diphosphates (NDPs) to deoxynucleoside diphosphates (dNDPs). This RNR is composed of two homodimeric subunits: R1 and R2. R1 binds the NDPs in the active site, and R2 harbors the essential di-iron tyrosyl radical (Y*) cofactor. In this paper, we used PELDOR, a method that(More)
Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides. Class I RNRs are composed of two types of subunits: RNR1 contains the active site for reduction and the binding sites for the nucleotide allosteric effectors. RNR2 contains the diiron-tyrosyl radical (Y.) cofactor essential for the reduction process. Studies in(More)