Deborah L. Marr

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In gynodioecious species, which contain females and hermaphrodites, the outcrossed seeds of females have been found to outperform the outcrossed seeds of hermaphrodites, in spite of the fact that their seeds are not larger in mass. Females do not make pollen. Hence the nutrients that hermaphrodites allocate to pollen, such as nitrogen, might be allocated to(More)
Several genes that restrict nodulation with specific Bradyrhizobiumstrains are known in Glycine max (soybean), and a similar system of nodulation restriction has recently been discovered in the related North American legume Amphicarpaea bracteata. We analyzed how nodulation-restrictive genotypes of each plant interacted with Bradyrhizobium strains sampled(More)
Sex-dependent infection rates could change the effective sex ratio of a population. Here, I tested whether females and hermaphrodites of Silene acaulis were equally likely to be infected by Microbotryum violaceum, a fungus that sterilizes the host, and whether sex allocation in hermaphrodites differed between low and high disease plots. Sex ratios of(More)
The long-term persistence of obligate mutualisms (over 40 Mya in both fig/fig wasps and yucca/yucca moths) raises the question of how one species limits exploitation by the other species, even though there is selection pressure on individuals to maximize fitness. In the case of yuccas, moths serve as the plant's only pollinator, but eggs laid by the moths(More)
Identifying ecological factors that affect seed number and seed size is key to understanding the persistence of large seed mass variation in some plant species. Pathogens may increase seed mass variation by increasing resource demand over the growing season such that late fruits experience higher resource competition than early fruits. We tested whether(More)
Mutualists and non-mutualistic cheaters commonly coexist, but the effect of mutualist-cheater interactions on the evolution and stability of mutualisms or persistence of cheater populations is not well understood. Yuccas and yucca moths are an example of an obligate mutualism in which cheaters are frequently present. Larvae of both pollinators and cheaters(More)
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