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Little information is available on the prevalence and determinants of valvular regurgitation in the general population. This study sought to assess the prevalence and clinical determinants of mitral (MR), tricuspid (TR), and aortic (AR) regurgitation in a population-based cohort. Color Doppler echocardiography was performed in 1,696 men and 1,893 women(More)
Cellulose is a major component of the extracellular matrices formed during development of the social amoeba, Dictyostelium discoideum. We isolated insertional mutants that failed to accumulate cellulose and had no cellulose synthase activity at any stage of development. Development proceeded normally in the null mutants up to the beginning of stalk(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the echocardiographic features and associations of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) diagnosed by current two-dimensional echocardiographic criteria in an unselected outpatient sample. BACKGROUND Previous studies of patients with MVP have emphasized the frequent occurrence of echocardiographic abnormalities such as(More)
BACKGROUND Previous clinical studies have suggested that there is an association between mitral annular calcification and the risk of stroke, but it is unclear whether this association is independent of the traditional risk factors for stroke. We examined the relation between mitral annular calcification and the incidence of stroke in a population-based(More)
A cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase was found that is stimulated by binding to the regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, PKA-R, from either Dictyostelium or mammals. The phosphodiesterase is encoded by the regA gene of Dictyostelium, which was recovered in a mutant screen for strains that sporulate in the absence of signals from prestalk cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral-valve prolapse has been described as a common disease with frequent complications. To determine the prevalence of mitral-valve prolapse in the general population, as diagnosed with the use of current two-dimensional echocardiographic criteria, we examined the echocardiograms of 1845 women and 1646 men (mean [+/-SD] age, 54.7+/-10.0 years)(More)
A variety of extracellular signals lead to the accumulation of cAMP which can act as a second message within cells by activating protein kinase A (PKA). Expression of many of the essential developmental genes in Dictyostelium discoideum are known to depend on PKA activity. Cells in which the receptor-coupled adenylyl cyclase gene, acaA, is genetically(More)
Cell-type specific genes were recognized by interrogating microarrays carrying Dictyostelium gene fragments with probes prepared from fractions enriched in prestalk and prespore cells. Cell-type specific accumulation of mRNA from 17 newly identified genes was confirmed by Northern analyses. DNA microarrays carrying 690 targets were used to determine(More)
A membrane glycoprotein of 24,000 Da (gp24) was purified from developed cells of Dictyostelium discoideum and shown to neutralize a crude antiserum (R695) that blocks EDTA-sensitive cell-cell adhesion during the early developmental stages of this organism. Purified gp24 was used to raise rabbit polyclonal antibodies and mouse monoclonal antibodies. Rabbit(More)
When a small number of fluorescently labeled myosin II mutant cells (mhcA-) are mixed with wild-type cells and development of the chimeras is observed by confocal microscopy, the mutant cells are localized to the edges of aggregation streams and mounds. Moreover, the mutant cells stick to wild-type cells and become distorted (Shelden and Knecht, 1995). Two(More)