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Using the Affymetrix 500K Mapping array and publicly available genotypes, we identified 18 SNPs whose allele frequency differed significantly(P < 1 x 10(-5)) between pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases (n = 317) and non-ALL controls (n = 17,958). Two SNPs in ARID5B not only differed between ALL and non-ALL groups (rs10821936, P = 1.4 x(More)
During early human pregnancy, fetal cytotrophoblasts rapidly invade the uterus. This process has many similarities to tumor invasion, except that the extent and the timing of cytotrophoblast invasion are carefully regulated. Therefore, this system is particularly useful for studying mechanisms that regulate invasive processes. Previously, we showed that(More)
The use of human pluripotent stem cells for laboratory studies and cell-based therapies is hampered by their tumor-forming potential and limited ability to generate pure populations of differentiated cell types in vitro. To address these issues, we established endodermal progenitor (EP) cell lines from human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells.(More)
The development of methods to achieve efficient reprogramming of human cells while avoiding the permanent presence of reprogramming transgenes represents a critical step toward the use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) for clinical purposes, such as disease modeling or reconstituting therapies. Although several methods exist for generating iPSC free(More)
Epididymal sperm cells, incubated with plasmid DNA, showed a spontaneous tendency to interact with the exogenous nucleic acid. We have investigated the molecular basis of such interaction. Exogenous DNA is taken up by sperm cells over a 15- to 20-min period and is specifically localized on the nuclear area of the sperm head. DNA was reversibly bound to(More)
Choroideremia (CHM) is an X- linked retinal degeneration that is symptomatic in the 1(st) or 2(nd) decade of life causing nyctalopia and loss of peripheral vision. The disease progresses through mid-life, when most patients become blind. CHM is a favorable target for gene augmentation therapy, as the disease is due to loss of function of a protein necessary(More)
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is an aggressive myeloproliferative neoplasm of young children initiated by mutations that deregulate cytokine receptor signaling. Studies of JMML are constrained by limited access to patient tissues. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from malignant cells of two JMML patients with somatic(More)
Chicken embryo fibroblasts secrete a 72 kDa progelatinase that displays all of the characteristics of a matrix metalloproteinase. Employing reverse-transcription PCR and degenerate oligonucleotide primers that are specific for two highly conserved sequences found in all matrix metalloproteinases, a DNA fragment specific for the chicken gelatinase was(More)
The physicochemical properties of mesalamine and the effect of pH and buffer concentration on the dissolution rate of pure mesalamine and mesalamine with Carbopol 974P were investigated. The aqueous solubilities at 25 and 37 degrees C were 0.844 and 1.41 mg/mL, respectively. Consistent with the observed pKa1 (2.30) and pKa2 (5.69) or mesalamine, the(More)