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BACKGROUND Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates are dramatically higher among low-income women than in the general population, in part due to poor adherence to recommended diagnostic follow-up after an index Pap test. This report describes a pilot study of the Screening Adherence Follow-Up Program (SAFe), an individualized, structured case(More)
This qualitative study analyzed 72 interviews with 39 formerly homeless psychiatric consumers to develop a grounded theory model of engagement and retention in mental health and substance abuse services. Person-centered themes included severity of mental illness and substance abuse (the latter also conflicting with programmatic abstinence requirements).(More)
The Housing First (HF) approach for homeless adults with serious mental illness has gained support as an alternative to the mainstream "Treatment First" (TF) approach. In this study, group differences were assessed using qualitative data from 27 HF and 48 TF clients. Dichotomous variables for substance use and substance abuse treatment utilization were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to test an intervention (the Screening Adherence Follow-up Program [SAFe]) that was designed to reduce the number of known barriers to diagnostic follow-up adherence and initiation of treatment among women with low incomes who had abnormal mammogram findings. DESCRIPTION OF PROGRAM The investigators developed and(More)
Pathways' Housing First represents a radical departure from traditional programs that serve individuals experiencing homelessness and co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders. This paper considered two federally funded comparison studies of Pathways' Housing First and traditional programs to examine whether differences were reflected in the(More)
Data from the NIMH-Epidemiologic Catchment Area Project were used to predict differential use of private versus public outpatient mental health services, a salient concern in integrating public and private services in market-based health care reform efforts. Having a recent psychiatric disorder, being age 25-44, female, white, of higher educational level,(More)
Despite dramatic increases in use of hospital emergency rooms (ERs) since the 1950s, an estimated 85% of ER visits are made for non-life-threatening reasons. Using a modified version of the Andersen and Newman model of health care utilization, this paper reviews the research literature on ER use to examine what is known about factors that influence three(More)
OBJECTIVE We examine whether ethnic differences in use of inpatient mental health services exist when the usually confounding effects of minority status and culture are minimized or controlled. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING Secondary analyses were conducted using a national insurance claims database for 1.2 million federal employees and their dependents(More)
Data from a 1987 survey of 1,260 homeless adults in New York City show that mental problems and substance dependence were significantly linked to beating and sexual assault among women and to several types of injury and victimization among men. The extremely high rates of victimization and injury underscore a need for greater attention to the safety and(More)