Deborah K. Dunn-Walters

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B-cell receptor (BCR) diversity is achieved centrally by rearrangement of Variable, Diversity, and Joining genes, and peripherally by somatic hypermutation and class-switching of the rearranged genes. Peripheral B-cell populations are subject to both negative and positive selection events in the course of their development that have the potential to shape(More)
The elderly produce increased levels of antibodies to autologous antigens and are less able to make high-affinity antibodies to foreign antigens. Ig gene hypermutation is integral to the affinity maturation process but previous studies of hypermutation with age have yielded conflicting results. The cells studied have represented post-germinal center (GC)(More)
It is well known that older people are more susceptible to morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases, particularly from pulmonary diseases such as pneumococcal pneumonia where vaccines do not provide efficient protection as in younger populations. We have previously shown that the B-cell repertoire in the old is reduced and hypothesise that this may(More)
Immunoglobulin V region genes acquire point mutations during affinity maturation of the T-cell-dependent B-cell response. It has been proposed that both selection by antigen and characteristics of the DNA sequence are involved in determining the distribution of mutations along the genes. There is a tendency for replacement mutations to occur in the(More)
The splenic marginal zone (MGZ), which surrounds the mantle zone (MTZ) in human splenic white pulp, contains a phenotypically and morphologically distinct population of B cells. The origin of MGZ B cells is uncertain. Whereas some experiments in rodents have suggested that they are a distinct cell lineage responsible for the immune response to T-independent(More)
In this work we have microdissected lamina propria plasma cells and used polymerase chain reaction and sequencing to investigate immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangements and mutations in human intestine. In addition, specific primers were designed for individual Ig gene rearrangements to analyze the distribution of related B cell and plasma cell clones at(More)
On April 7,8, 2009 a Symposium entitled "Pathophysiology of Successful and Unsuccessful Ageing" took place in Palermo, Italy. Here, the lectures of G. Pawelec, D. Dunn-Walters and. G. Colonna-Romano on T and B immunosenescence are summarized. In the elderly, many alterations of both innate and acquired immunity have been described. Alterations to the immune(More)
The elderly are more susceptible to infectious diseases. Mortality and morbidity from infections increase sharply over the age of 65 years. At the same time, the efficacy of vaccinations in the elderly is decreased. The elderly also have an increased incidence of cancer and inflammatory diseases. All the above indicate an age-related dysregulation of the(More)
The best-understood mechanisms for achieving antibody self/non-self discrimination discard self-reactive antibodies before they can be tested for binding microbial antigens, potentially creating holes in the repertoire. Here we provide evidence for a complementary mechanism: retaining autoantibodies in the repertoire displayed as low levels of IgM and high(More)