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OBJECTIVE To review reliability, validity, and normative data from 7 different studies, involving a total of 1,988 people with diabetes, and provide a revised version of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) measure. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The SDSCA measure is a brief self-report questionnaire of diabetes self-management that includes(More)
Investigated the personal models of diabetes held by 46 female outpatients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. The subjects' mean age was 64 years (range = 46 to 79 years), and 24 subjects were taking insulin. Their personal models were explored by using a comprehensive interview including questions on beliefs and emotions about cause, symptoms,(More)
We report on the development and validation of an instrument to assess support and resources for chronic illness management (the Chronic Illness Resources Survey; CIRS). The 64-item full instrument and the 29-item Brief CIRS are based on a social-ecologic model, designed to apply across chronic diseases, and assess support and resources at each of seven(More)
This study assessed levels of regimen adherence and reasons for nonadherence to different aspects of diabetes regimen for persons with type I (insulin-dependent, N = 24) and type II (non-insulin-dependent, N = 184) diabetes. Standardized questions revealed few differences between type I and type II participants on either levels of reported adherence or(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this work was to evaluate the reach, effectiveness, adoption, and implementation of a brief behavioral dietary intervention and 2 supplemental components of diabetes self-management support: telephone follow-up calls and community resources enhancement. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS This was a 2 x 2 randomized, controlled trial(More)
There is a pressing need for brief, practical interventions that address diabetes management. We have developed an office-based intervention to prompt both patients and providers to focus on behavioral issues relevant to dietary self-management that is being evaluated in a randomized trial. The intervention is designed to be broadly applicable to the(More)
This study assessed the relationship between diabetes-specific social learning factors and diabetes self-care. Predictor variables were collected within the categories of knowledge (e.g., behavioral demonstrations, pencil-and-paper tests), beliefs/expectations (e.g., self-efficacy, self-motivation), skills (e.g., problem-solving and refusal skills), and(More)
PURPOSE Few studies have explored how relationships of perceived environment and physical activity vary across different activity domains and populations. This question was explored in five physical activity intervention trials funded by the National Institutes of Health Behavior Change Consortium. DESIGN Observational. SETTINGS San Francisco peninsula,(More)
There is great interest in, but few instruments to assess, multiple levels of support and community resources from a social-ecological perspective. This study evaluated the psychometric characteristics of the Chronic Illness Resources Survey (CIRS) and its sensitivity to a multifaceted social-ecological intervention to enhance personally relevant community(More)
Females, especially older women, historically have been excluded from coronary heart disease (CHD) studies. The PrimeTime program was a randomized clinical trial designed to study the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle management program (very low-fat vegetarian diet, smoking cessation, stress-management training, moderate exercise, and group support) on(More)