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The apical membrane of epithelial cells from the A6 cell line grown on impermeable substrata was studied using the patch-clamp technique. We defined the apical membrane as that membrane in contact with the growth medium. In about 50% of the patches, channels with single-unit conductances of 360±45 pS in symmetrical 105mm NaCl solutions, and characteristic(More)
ATP-dependent priming of the secretory granules precedes Ca(2+)-regulated neuroendocrine secretion, but the exact nature of this reaction is not fully established in all secretory cell types. We have further investigated this reaction in the insulin-secreting pancreatic B-cell and demonstrate that granular acidification driven by a V-type H(+)-ATPase in the(More)
Acidification of phagosomes has been proposed to have a key role in the microbicidal function of phagocytes. Here, we show that in alveolar macrophages the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl- channel (CFTR) participates in phagosomal pH control and has bacterial killing capacity. Alveolar macrophages from Cftr-/- mice retained the(More)
Using whole cell patch-clamp and perforated patch recording techniques on human cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF airway epithelial cells, we sought to determine whether a single Cl- conductance (GCl) could be modulated via different regulatory pathways or whether multiple conductances could be identified. Cl- current in both CF and non-CF cells was activated(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP-regulated chloride channel localized primarily at the apical or luminal surfaces of epithelial cells that line the airway, gut, and exocrine glands; it is well established that CFTR plays a pivotal role in cholera toxin (CTX)-induced secretory diarrhea. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a(More)
Increases in astroglial Cl- conductance accompany changes in cell morphology and disassembly of cytoskeletal actin, but Cl- channels underlying these conductance increases have not been described. We characterize an outwardly rectifying Cl- channel in rodent neocortical cultured astrocytes and describe how cell shape and cytoskeletal actin modulate channel(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP-regulated chloride channel localized at apical cell membranes and exists in macromolecular complexes with a variety of signaling and transporter molecules. Here, we report that the multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4), a cAMP transporter, functionally and physically associates with CFTR.(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is an asaccharolytic and anaerobic bacterium that possesses a complex proteolytic system which is essential for its growth and evasion of host defense mechanisms. In this report, we show the purification and characterization of prolyl dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) produced by this organism. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity,(More)
A chloride (Cl-)-dependent, nonselective cation conductance was activated during cellular shrinkage and inhibited during cellular swelling or by extracellular gadolinium. The shrinking-induced, nonselective cation conductance and the swelling-induced anion conductance appear to function in the regulation of cell volume in airway epithelia. The(More)
The multifunctional calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, CaMKII, has been shown to regulate chloride movement and cellular function in both excitable and non-excitable cells. We show that the plasma membrane expression of a member of the ClC family of Cl(-) channels, human CLC-3 (hCLC-3), a 90-kDa protein, is regulated by CaMKII. We cloned the(More)