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Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF)-responsive stem cells isolated from the developing central nervous system (CNS) can be expanded exponentially in culture while retaining the ability to differentiate into neurons and glia. As such, they represent a possible source of tissue for neural transplantation, providing they can survive and mature following grafting(More)
Light microscopic autoradiography was used to identify cells in the neostriatum that became labelled after the local injection of [3H]gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA). The GABA-accumulating cells comprised up to 15% of the total population of neurons. Thirty-seven of these cells were examined in the electron microscope and it was found that they all had similar(More)
The efferent projections to the host brain from intrastriatal grafts have been examined at the ultrastructural level. Cell suspensions of E14 rat fetal striatal tissue were implanted into the ibotenic acid lesioned caudate-putamen of adult rats. After survival times of at least five months, the anterograde neuronal tracer Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin(More)
We have used a rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD) to address issues of importance for a future clinical application of dopamine (DA) neuron grafting in patients with PD. Human mesencephalic DA neurons, obtained from 6.5-8 week old fetuses, were found to survive intracerebral cell suspension xenografting to the striatum of rats immunosuppressed with(More)
This study investigated the functional capacity of intrastriatal grafts of embryonic striatal tissue in rats with unilateral ibotenic acid lesions of the neostriatum. The group of grafted rats was compared with lesion-alone and control groups for motor bias, as assessed by tests of rotation induced by dopaminergic, cholinergic and GABAergic drugs, and of(More)
Human fetal mesencephalic dopamine (DA) neurons, obtained from 6.5-9 week old aborted fetuses, were grafted to the striatum of immunosuppressed rats with 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the ascending mesostriatal DA pathway. The effects on amphetamine-induced motor asymmetry were studied at various timepoints after grafting. At eight weeks, functional graft(More)
GABA release was recorded in vivo by push-pull perfusion from the globus pallidus and substantia nigra of control rats, rats with unilateral ibotenic acid lesions of the neostriatum, and rats with embryonic striatal tissue grafts implanted in the lesioned striatum. The lesions reduced baseline levels of GABA release to 5% of control levels in the globus(More)
Intrastriatal transplantation of foetal midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons ameliorates the fundamental symptoms of dopaminergic denervation in clinical and experimental parkinsonism despite providing only restricted reinnervation. To understand how DA function is restored by these grafts we used fast-scan cyclic voltammetry at a carbon-fiber microelectrode in(More)
Grafts of five different types of central cholinergic neurons, from the septal-diagonal band region, the nucleus basalis magnocellularis region (NBM), the striatum, the pontomesencephalic tegmentum of the brainstem, and the spinal cord, were compared with respect to their ability to grow and to reinnervate the cholinergically denervated hippocampal(More)
Immunocytochemical studies using a monoclonal antibody to choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were performed on sections of rat dentate gyrus. Light microscopical analysis of the immunoreactivity revealed dense fiber networks and many punctate structures predominantly located at the interface of the granule cell layer and molecular layer. In the electron(More)