Deborah Hofer

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A 20-h treatment of rats with catecholamines using s.c.implantable retard tablets markedly suppresses the in vitro reactivity of peripheral blood (PBL) T lymphocytes, provided that beta-receptors are blocked with propranolol (Felsner et al., 1992). The results can be summarized as follows: (i) the suppressive effect of noradrenaline+propranolol to the(More)
For several years, our group has been studying the in vivo role of adrenergic and cholinergic mechanisms in the immune-neuroendocrine dialogue in the rat model. The main results of these studies can be summarized as follows: (1) exogenous or endogenous catecholamines suppress PBL functions through alpha-2-receptor-mediated mechanisms, lymphocytes of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the microbial adherence and colonization of a polyspecies biofilm on 7 differently processed titanium surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS Six-species biofilms were formed anaerobically on 5-mm-diameter sterilized, saliva-preconditioned titanium discs. Material surfaces used were either machined, stained, acid-etched or(More)
Mating plugs occluding the female gonopore after mating are a widespread phenomenon. In scorpions, two main types of mating plugs are found: sclerotized mating plugs being parts of the spermatophore that break off during mating, and gel-like mating plugs being gelatinous fluids that harden in the female genital tract. In this study, the gel-like mating plug(More)
We have recently shown in rats that an in vivo treatment with catecholamines via alpha 2-receptors leads to a pronounced suppression of T- and B-cell mitogen responses of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), provided that a beta-blocker is administered concomitantly. Since melatonin (MEL) reportedly has stress-protective effects on several immune functions,(More)
A 20 h continuous treatment of rats with catecholamines, using subcutaneously implantable retard tablets, had either no (adrenaline, isoproterenol, midodrine) or a slight (noradrenaline) suppressive effect on the in vitro responsiveness of peripheral blood T-lymphocytes. A marked suppression of the mitogen response ensued when adrenaline, noradrenaline or(More)
BACKGROUND Increased levels of anxiety may affect a patient's receptiveness to treatment, health care information and behaviour modification. This study was undertaken to assess pre-treatment anxiety in a dental hygiene recall population maintaining a schedule of regular preventive care appointments. METHODS The sample population consisted of 46(More)
Psychophysical experiments in humans have revealed similar characteristics of visual receptive fields as were found in cats and monkeys from retinal ganglion cell recordings. In addition, in some retinal ganglion cells of cats the GABA antagonist bicuculline decreases the activity of the inhibitory surround. These findings led to two predicitions: 1)(More)
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