Deborah H Pence

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A tiered testing strategy has been developed to evaluate the potential for new ingredients, tobacco processes, and technological developments to alter the biological activity that results from burning tobacco. A series of studies was initially conducted with cigarettes containing 3% high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) as an alternate tobacco casing material to(More)
A subchronic, nose-only inhalation study was conducted to compare the effects of mainstream smoke from a reference cigarette containing conventional reconstituted tobacco sheet at 30% of the finished blend to mainstream smoke from cigarettes containing 10% or 15% cast sheet (a specific type of reconstituted tobacco sheet) substituted for part of the(More)
A tiered testing strategy has been developed to evaluate the potential for new ingredients, tobacco processes, and technological developments to increase or reduce the biological activity that results from burning tobacco. In the manufacture of cigarettes, honey is used as a casing ingredient to impart both aroma and taste. The primary objective of this(More)
A tiered testing strategy based on a comparative chemical and biological testing program has been developed to evaluate the potential of tobacco processes, ingredients, or other technological developments to change the biological activity that results from burning tobacco. Cast sheet tobacco is a specific type of reconstituted tobacco sheet that can be used(More)
This study compared the toxicological responses of Sprague-Dawley rats exposed nose-only to mainstream smoke (MS) from Test cigarettes (1, 2, and 3) to those of Control cigarettes without banded cigarette paper technologies (BCPT). Test cigarettes 1 and 2 had bands based on one technology (different band weight application) while Test cigarette 3 had bands(More)
A tiered testing strategy has been employed to evaluate the potential for new ingredients, tobacco processes, and technological developments to alter the mainstream smoke or biological activity that results from burning cigarette tobacco. The foundation of this evaluation strategy is comparative testing, typically including chemical and biological(More)
A significant difference was found in the rate of aromatic hydroxylation of the type II substrate, aniline, between male and female rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain. In addition, microsomal cytochrome P-450 levels were significantly lower in female rats and aniline-induced spectral binding was significantly greater in microsomes isolated from male rats.(More)
Pretreatment of rats with cadmium potentiates the duration of hexobarbital hypnosis and inhibits the rate of hepatic hexobarbital metabolism in male and female rats. In contrast, treatment with cadmium pe and female rats. Thus, sex-related differences in cadmium inhibition of hepatic drug metabolism is apparently substrate dependent.
A tiered testing strategy has been developed to evaluate the potential of tobacco processes, ingredients, or technological developments to change the biological activity resulting from burning tobacco. The strategy is based on comparative chemical and biological testing. Expanded shredded tobacco stems (ESS) constitute an example of a common tobacco(More)
3 days following an intraperitoneal injection of cadmium [Cd] (2.0 mg Cd/kg) an inhibition in hepatic microsomal drug metabolism for ethylmorphine and aniline was observed in male rats. Such treatment in female rats only inhibited metabolism of aniline. Following treatment with phenobarbital (50 mg/kg, i.p., for 4 days), the metabolism of both substrates(More)