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Susceptibility to peripheral neuropathy during antiretroviral therapy with nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors was previously associated with a European mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup among non-Hispanic white persons. To determine whether nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor-associated peripheral neuropathy was related to mtDNA variation(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups are valuable for investigations in forensic science, molecular anthropology, and human genetics. In this study, we developed a custom panel of 61 mtDNA markers for high-throughput classification of European, African, and Native American/Asian mitochondrial haplogroup lineages. Using these mtDNA markers, we constructed a(More)
Peripheral neuropathy (PN) due to mitochondrial injury complicates HIV therapy with some nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). Variation in the mitochondrial genome may influence susceptibility to NRTI toxicities. Two non-synonymous mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms, MTND1*LHON4216C (4216C) and MTND2*LHON4917G (4917G) were characterized in(More)
The peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-directed PCR clamping technique was modified and applied to the detection of mitochondrial DNA mutations with low heteroplasmy. This method is extremely specific, eliminating false positives in the absence of mutant molecules, and highly sensitive, being capable of detecting mutations at the level of 0.1% of total molecules.(More)
Strains bearing the vph2 mutation are defective in vacuolar acidification. The VPH2 gene was isolated from a genomic DNA library by complementation of the zinc-sensitive phenotype of the mutant. Deletion analysis localized the complementing activity to a 1.2 kb DNA fragment. Sequence analysis of this fragment revealed the presence of a single open reading(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation can affect phenotypic variation; therefore, knowing its distribution within and among individuals is of importance to understanding many human diseases. Intra-individual mtDNA variation (heteroplasmy) has been generally assumed to be random. We used massively parallel sequencing to assess heteroplasmy across ten tissues(More)
We report that oligonucleotides can be introduced into the mitochondria of living mammalian cells by annealing them to peptide nucleic acids coupled to mitochondrial targeting peptides. These complexes are imported into the mitochondrial matrix through the outer and inner membrane import channels of isolated mitochondria. They are also imported into the(More)
Nuclear-localized mtDNA pseudogenes might explain a recent report describing a heteroplasmic mtDNA molecule containing five linked missense mutations dispersed over the contiguous mtDNA CO1 and CO2 genes in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. To test this hypothesis, we have used the PCR primers utilized in the original report to amplify CO1 and CO2(More)
The identification of familial Parkinson Disease (PD) genes is yielding important molecular pathogenetic insights. In an effort to identify additional PD genes, we studied an eight generation Amish pedigree with apparent autosomal dominant parkinsonism with incomplete penetrance. Phenotypic variability ranged from idiopathic PD to progressive supranuclear(More)
Mice deficient in the heart/muscle specific isoform of the adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT1) exhibit many of the hallmarks of human oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disease, including a dramatic proliferation of skeletal muscle mitochondria. Because many of the genes necessary for mitochondrial biosynthesis, OXPHOS function, and response to OXPHOS(More)