Deborah Brown

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Recent studies showing that detergent-resistant membrane fragments can be isolated from cells suggest that biological membranes are not always in a liquid-crystalline phase. Instead, sphingolipid and cholesterol-rich membranes such as plasma membranes appear to exist, at least partially, in the liquid-ordered phase or a phase with similar properties.(More)
Detergent-insoluble membrane fragments that are rich in sphingolipid and cholesterol can be isolated from both cell lysates and model membranes. We have proposed that these arise from membranes that are in the liquid-ordered phase both in vivo and in vitro [Schroeder et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91, 12130-12134]. In order to detect formation(More)
Sphingolipid and cholesterol-rich Triton X-100-insoluble membrane fragments (detergent-resistant membranes, DRMs) containing lipids in a state similar to the liquid-ordered phase can be isolated from mammalian cells, and probably exist as discrete domains or rafts in intact membranes. We postulated that proteins with a high affinity for such an ordered(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins can be isolated from both cells and sphingolipid and cholesterol-rich liposomes (SCRLs) in association with detergent-insoluble membranes. We found previously that detergent insolubility of lipids was characteristic of phases in which lipid acyl chains are ordered. We presented evidence that GPI-anchored(More)
Caveolin-1 is normally localized in plasma membrane caveolae and the Golgi apparatus in mammalian cells. We found three treatments that redirected the protein to lipid storage droplets, identified by staining with the lipophilic dye Nile red and the marker protein ADRP. Caveolin-1 was targeted to the droplets when linked to the ER-retrieval sequence, KKSL,(More)
Detergent-resistant membrane domains (DRMs) can be isolated from a variety of eukaryotic cells. DRMs are of interest because of their potential importance in processes such as intracellular membrane sorting, and signal transduction at the cell surface. One type of DRM is also present in caveolae, non clathrin-coated plasma membrane pits with proposed roles(More)
Lipid rafts are liquid-ordered (l(o)) phase microdomains proposed to exist in biological membranes. Rafts have been widely studied by isolating l(o)-phase detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) from cells. Recent findings have shown that DRMs are not the same as preexisting rafts, prompting a major revision of the raft model. Nevertheless, raft-targeting(More)
The insolubility of lipids in detergents is a useful method for probing the structure of biological membranes. Insolubility in detergents like Triton X-100 is observed in lipid bilayers that exist in physical states in which lipid packing is tight. The Triton X-100-insoluble lipid fraction obtained after detergent extraction of eukaryotic cells is composed(More)
Although neutral lipid storage droplets are ubiquitous in eukaryotic cells, very little is known about how their synthesis and turnover are controlled. Adipocyte differentiation-related protein (ADRP; also known as adipophilin) is found on the surface of lipid droplets in most mammalian cell types. To learn how ADRP affects lipid storage, we stably(More)