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Recent studies showing that detergent-resistant membrane fragments can be isolated from cells suggest that biological membranes are not always in a liquid-crystalline phase. Instead, sphingolipid and cholesterol-rich membranes such as plasma membranes appear to exist, at least partially, in the liquid-ordered phase or a phase with similar properties.(More)
Proteins anchored by GPI are poorly solubilized from cell membranes by cold nonionic detergents because they associate with detergent-resistant membranes rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids. In this study, we demonstrated that cholesterol and sphingolipid-rich liposomes were incompletely solubilized by Triton X-100. GPI-anchored placental alkaline(More)
Detergent-insoluble membrane fragments that are rich in sphingolipid and cholesterol can be isolated from both cell lysates and model membranes. We have proposed that these arise from membranes that are in the liquid-ordered phase both in vivo and in vitro [Schroeder et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91, 12130-12134]. In order to detect formation(More)
Sphingolipid and cholesterol-rich Triton X-100-insoluble membrane fragments (detergent-resistant membranes, DRMs) containing lipids in a state similar to the liquid-ordered phase can be isolated from mammalian cells, and probably exist as discrete domains or rafts in intact membranes. We postulated that proteins with a high affinity for such an ordered(More)
Caveolin-1 is normally localized in plasma membrane caveolae and the Golgi apparatus in mammalian cells. We found three treatments that redirected the protein to lipid storage droplets, identified by staining with the lipophilic dye Nile red and the marker protein ADRP. Caveolin-1 was targeted to the droplets when linked to the ER-retrieval sequence, KKSL,(More)
Evidence is growing that biological membranes contain lipid microdomains or "rafts" that may be involved in processes such as cellular signaling and protein trafficking. In this study, we have used atomic force microscopy to examine the behavior of rafts in supported lipid bilayers. We show that bilayers composed of equimolar dioleoylphosphatidylcholine and(More)
We previously isolated detergent-resistant membrane complexes (DRMs) that were not solubilized after extraction of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells with Triton X-100 on ice. The complexes were rich in glycosphingolipids, cholesterol, and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins. In this study, we examined the protein composition of DRMs and(More)
Detergent-resistant membrane domains (DRMs) can be isolated from a variety of eukaryotic cells. DRMs are of interest because of their potential importance in processes such as intracellular membrane sorting, and signal transduction at the cell surface. One type of DRM is also present in caveolae, non clathrin-coated plasma membrane pits with proposed roles(More)
Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins can be isolated from both cells and sphingolipid and cholesterol-rich liposomes (SCRLs) in association with detergent-insoluble membranes. We found previously that detergent insolubility of lipids was characteristic of phases in which lipid acyl chains are ordered. We presented evidence that GPI-anchored(More)