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Noncollagenous matrix proteins (NCPs) of dental hard tissues (dentin, cementum) are involved, both temporally and spatially, in the mineralization of their collagen matrices. Two of the NCPs thought to initiate mineral nucleation and control crystal growth in dentin, are dentin phosphoproteins (DPP) and dentin sialoprotein (DSP). Control of crystal growth(More)
Evidence relating to the existence of crystalline bone mineral in vivo is considered, and bone apatite crystal structure investigated using an x-ray powder diffraction technique. Specimens of femoral compacta excised post-mortem from male and female subjects ranging from 3 1/2 years to 87 years of age have been studied. Values of the ratio c/a of bone(More)
1. Metabolism of basic drugs may result in the formation of zwitterionic sulphate conjugates. The additional ionization introduced by the sulphate group into these compounds compared with the basic parent drug does not produce a corresponding increase in hydrophilic character. 2. Zwitterionic conjugates have constant lipophilicity between their pKa values.(More)
1. The consequences of metabolic transformation on lipophilicity have been considered using the terms log P (partition coefficient) and log D (distribution coefficient). 2. Transformations which result in no change in the degree of ionisation can be readily predicted by the use of fragmental constants and log P. 3. If metabolism alters the degree of(More)
The elemental composition of trabecular bone was compared for: (a) rats made rachitic on a low phosphorus, vitamin D-deficient diet; (b) rats fed the same diet but supplemented with vitamin D; (c) normal rats fed a standard laboratory diet with normal phosphorus and vitamin D levels. Quantitative energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis was performed on(More)
The equations derived to measure the calcium flow rates in the gut and blood have been applied to data gathered from 23 subjects. Each subject was given 5 μCi45Ca by intravenous injection and 20 μCi47Ca orally. The specific activities of plasma, urine and faeces were then measured and the absorption and calcium endogenous flow rates found, using both(More)
Using results from patients, we studied several methods for long-term (years) monitoring of the analytical stability of various chemistry tests. For each test, we obtained on a bimonthly basis histograms of > or = 200 to approximately 2000 data points and determined the median, mean, and mean of those data points in the reference range ("average of normal"(More)
We examined the stability of human lactate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.27; LD) isoenzymes 1, 2, and 3--purified to specific activities of about 200 kU/g--when lyophilized in a buffered stabilized matrix of bovine albumin. Each isoenzyme was prepared at two activity concentrations and stored at -20, 4, 20, 37, and 56 degrees C for as long as six months. LD-1(More)
We examined the stability of human lactate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.27) isoenzyme 5--purified to a specific activity of about 400 kU/g--when lyophilized in a buffered, stabilized matrix of bovine albumin. This isoenzyme was prepared with a final activity of about 500 U/L and stored at -20, 4, 20, 37, and 56 degrees C for as long as six months. This isoenzyme(More)