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A cross-sectional, community-based survey of a random sample of 1750 of 242,311 Medicare recipients was performed. The patients were at least sixty-five years old and had had a primary or revision knee replacement (either unilaterally or bilaterally) between 1985 and 1989. Three samples were surveyed separately: a national sample (to reflect the United(More)
BACKGROUND Canada, which has universal single-payer health insurance, is often criticized for waiting times for surgery that are longer than those in the United States. We compared waiting times for orthopedic consultations and knee-replacement surgery and patients' acceptance of them in the United States and in the province of Ontario, Canada. METHODS A(More)
OBJECTIVES Each year approximately 100,000 Medicare patients undergo knee replacement surgery. Patients, referring physicians, and surgeons must consider a variety of factors when deciding if knee replacement is indicated. One factor in this decision process is the likelihood of revision knee replacement after the initial surgery. This study determined the(More)
Managed care may improve access to health care to previously underserved populations when providers need plan enrollees. However, capitation and utilization management often give providers the incentive to withhold care. Managed care organizations have yet to demonstrate that racial disparities in treatment are not exacerbated. Using Medicaid eligibility,(More)
The impact of primary care gatekeeping on selected patterns of physician use was examined among Medicaid beneficiaries in two demonstration programs. The evidence indicates that beneficiaries enrolled with gatekeepers were significantly less likely to see specialists when compared with unenrolled beneficiaries in comparison groups. Primary care visits(More)
Health Care Financing Administration data from 1985 to 1990 revealed 339,152 total knee arthroplasties of which 62,730 (18.6%) were bilateral procedures (simultaneous 112,922; staged 6 weeks, 4354; staged 3 months, 4524; staged 6 months, 9829; and staged 1 year 31,401). Medicare beneficiaries undergoing bilateral procedures were an average of 73 years of(More)
Economic analyses have become increasingly important in healthcare in general and with respect to pharmaceuticals in particular. If economic analyses are to play an important and useful role in the allocation of scarce healthcare resources, then such analyses must be performed properly and with care. This article outlines some of the basic principles of(More)
A prospective, observational cohort investigation was performed to help understand the impact of knee replacement on patients with knee osteoarthritis in community practice. Of those, 291 patients (330 knees) were eligible and willing to participate. Forty-eight orthopaedic surgeons referred 563 patients from 25 institutions within the state of Indiana.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to describe the practice variation of knee replacements (KRs) in the elderly ( > or = 65) over time from 1985-1990 in terms of the number of primary, bilateral, and revision KRs; the extent of large area variation in performance rates; and the degree to which demographic variables are the determinants of area rates. DATA(More)