Deborah A. Freund

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A prospective, observational cohort investigation was performed to help understand the impact of knee replacement on patients with knee osteoarthritis in community practice. Of those, 291 patients (330 knees) were eligible and willing to participate. Forty-eight orthopaedic surgeons referred 563 patients from 25 institutions within the state of Indiana.(More)
A cross-sectional, community-based survey of a random sample of 1750 of 242,311 Medicare recipients was performed. The patients were at least sixty-five years old and had had a primary or revision knee replacement (either unilaterally or bilaterally) between 1985 and 1989. Three samples were surveyed separately: a national sample (to reflect the United(More)
OBJECTIVES Each year approximately 100,000 Medicare patients undergo knee replacement surgery. Patients, referring physicians, and surgeons must consider a variety of factors when deciding if knee replacement is indicated. One factor in this decision process is the likelihood of revision knee replacement after the initial surgery. This study determined the(More)
BACKGROUND Canada, which has universal single-payer health insurance, is often criticized for waiting times for surgery that are longer than those in the United States. We compared waiting times for orthopedic consultations and knee-replacement surgery and patients' acceptance of them in the United States and in the province of Ontario, Canada. METHODS A(More)
Health Care Financing Administration data from 1985 to 1990 revealed 339,152 total knee arthroplasties of which 62,730 (18.6%) were bilateral procedures (simultaneous 112,922; staged 6 weeks, 4354; staged 3 months, 4524; staged 6 months, 9829; and staged 1 year 31,401). Medicare beneficiaries undergoing bilateral procedures were an average of 73 years of(More)
Case-management programs have grown in number and in acceptance in the Medicaid program since 1981. In this article, we review their structure and incentives as well as what is known about their impact on cost and use. These programs also have been difficult to implement, posing myriad management challenges for prepaid program managers and State(More)
OBJECTIVE The long-run cost savings potential of private sector reform efforts, such as selective contracts with providers, depends in part on the relationship between procedure-specific volume and average hospital resources that are consumed in treating patients associated with that specific procedure. Study examines a model that estimates the relationship(More)
BACKGROUND Explanations for regional variation in the use of many medical and surgical treatments is controversial. OBJECTIVES To identify factors that might be amenable to intervention, we investigated the determinants of regional variation in the use of knee replacement surgery. RESEARCH DESIGN We examined the effect of the following factors:(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the agreement among orthopedic surgeons' indications for knee replacement, their perceptions of the usefulness of various treatments for osteoarthritis of the knee and their expected outcomes of knee replacement, and to determine the relation between these opinions and the number of knee replacement procedures performed by individual(More)
This paper describes how the PORTS are using data from the Medicare administrative records systems to study the medical care costs of specific conditions. The general strengths and weaknesses of the Medicare databases for studying cost related issues are discussed, and the relevant data elements are examined in detail. Changes in the nature of the data(More)