Deborah A Carper

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PURPOSE Aldose reductase (AR), an enzyme implicated in diabetic complications of ocular tissues, has been suggested to play a physiologic role in kidney and, possibly, other tissues by elevating the organic osmolytes in conditions of heightened extracellular tonicity. Hypertonicity has been shown to induce AR and alpha B-crystallin in some cells. To examine(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in the retinoschisin gene, RS-1, cause juvenile X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS), a dystrophy characterized by delamination of the inner retinal layers, leading to visual impairment. Although the retinoschisin protein (RS) is expressed most abundantly in photoreceptors in the outer retina, XLRS disease affects the innermost retinal layers,(More)
PURPOSE To identify and analyze differentially genes expressed between lens epithelia dissected from age-related cataractous and noncataractous human lenses. METHODS RNAs from 50 pooled cataractous and 25 pooled noncataractous epithelia were compared by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction differential display (RT-PCR-DD). Two differentially(More)
Shed photoreceptor outer segments (POS) are phagocytosed by RPE cells in a circadian manner. The homozygous deletion of the c-mer gene abolishes the ingestion phase of this phagocytosis in the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat strain, which in turn leads to the death of photoreceptor cells. We identified RPE transcripts for which the expression is(More)
PURPOSE To identify differentially expressed genes in a human lens epithelial cell line exposed to oxidative stress. METHODS Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) differential display was used to evaluate differential gene expression in a human lens epithelial cell line (SRA 01-04) when cells were exposed for 3 hours to a single bolus(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to examine whether the effects of growth factors are mediated in the lens by Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathways and whether they induce expression of suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS), a novel family of feedback regulators of cytokine and growth factor activities. (More)
PURPOSE To characterize gene expression patterns between epithelia isolated from cataractous and normal human lenses. METHODS Reverse transcriptase differential display was used to identify differential expression between cataractous and normal epithelia. RT-PCR was used to compare pooled and individual RNA samples. RESULTS One transcript, up-regulated(More)
To identify genes that are differentially expressed by Na+, K+-ATPase inhibitors, we used the differential display technique to compare mRNA expression patterns in rat lens. Lenses were treated with 10 microM ouabain, bufalin, or 19-norbufalin derivative for 24 h and were compared with control lenses. Differential display analysis revealed that one of the(More)
PURPOSE Pterygium is a vision-impairing fibrovascular lesion that grows across the corneal surface and is associated with sunlight exposure. To increase our understanding of the cells types involved in pterygium, we have used expressed sequence tag analysis to examine the transcriptional repertoire of isolated pterygium and to identify marker genes for(More)
PURPOSE Na,K-ATPase activity increases in lens cells exposed to hypertonic stress. To test whether the increase in activity involves stimulation of Na,K-ATPase expression, dog lens epithelial cells were subjected to hypertonic stress, and the time course of Na,K-ATPase protein and mRNA response was measured. METHODS Primary cultures of dog lens epithelial(More)