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Aldose reductase (AR) messenger RNA concentration was determined in normal rat lens and in lens from rats fed a 50% galactose diet over a period of 20 days. The AR mRNA was detected by using a previously described AR cDNA clone. The relative concentration of the AR mRNA was estimated by cpm of 35S-UTP labeled antisense RNA hybridized to dot-blots prepared(More)
Many sight-threatening diseases have two critical phases, vessel loss followed by hypoxia-driven destructive neovascularization. These diseases include retinopathy of prematurity and diabetic retinopathy, leading causes of blindness in childhood and middle age affecting over 4 million people in the United States. We studied the influence of omega-3- and(More)
Sorbitol accumulates in renal medullary cells by synthesis from glucose in a reaction catalyzed by aldose reductase. Medullary sodium and urea are high and vary with urinary concentration. Sorbitol varies similarly, consistent with its role as a compatible intracellular organic osmolyte. We measured renal medullary sodium, urea, sorbitol, aldose reductase(More)
Aldose reductase (EC has been implicated in a variety of diabetic complications. Here we present the first primary sequence data for the rat lens enzyme, obtained by amino acid and cDNA analysis. We have found structural similarities with another NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase: human liver aldehyde reductase (EC The identity between(More)
Alpha B-crystallin, a major lens protein, was induced in primary cultures of dog lens epithelial cells and glomerular endothelial cells when they were grown under conditions of hypertonic stress. With Western blot analysis using a specific alpha B-crystallin antibody, we observed a significant increase in the concentration of alpha B-crystallin protein in(More)
Induction of aldose reductase (AR) was observed in human cells treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). AR protein expression increased severalfold in human liver cells after 1 day of exposure to 100 units/ml TNF-alpha. An increase in AR transcripts was also observed in human liver cells after 3 h of TNF-alpha treatment, reaching a maximum(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of human retina and muscle aldose reductase was determined by nucleotide analysis of cDNA clones isolated using synthetic oligonucleotide probes based on partial amino acid sequences of purified human psoas muscle aldose reductase. The cDNA sequence differs substantially in the noncoding and coding regions of recently(More)
PURPOSE Aldose reductase (AR), an enzyme implicated in diabetic complications of ocular tissues, has been suggested to play a physiologic role in kidney and, possibly, other tissues by elevating the organic osmolytes in conditions of heightened extracellular tonicity. Hypertonicity has been shown to induce AR and alpha B-crystallin in some cells. To examine(More)
Aldose reductase (AR) is implicated in some of the disabling complications of diabetes, including neuropathy, retinopathy and cataracts. Our studies are aimed at further clarifying the role of AR in diabetes and facilitating the design of new classes of potent, specific AR inhibitors by gaining an understanding of the protein structure of AR. To this end,(More)
Aldose reductase (AR; E.C. 1. 1. 1. 21) has been implicated in a variety of diabetic complications. To investigate the expression of this enzyme in target tissues susceptible to such complications, mRNA encoding AR was characterized by Northern blot hybridization in various tissues and cultured cell preparations. The size of mRNA for AR (approximately 1500(More)