Debora Williams-Herman

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Human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) Nef downregulates surface expression of CD4, an integral component of the functional HIV receptor complex, through accelerated endocytosis of surface receptors and diminished transport of CD4 from the Golgi network to the plasma membrane. HIV-1 Nef also diminishes surface expression of major histocompatibility complex(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of sitagliptin (MK-0431) as monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and inadequate glycaemic control (HbA1c ≥7% and ≤10%) on exercise and diet. A total of 521 patients aged 27–76 years with a mean baseline HbA1c of 8.1% were randomised in a 1:2:2 ratio to treatment with placebo,(More)
Perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) is a chronic inflammatory nasal condition in individuals exposed year-round to allergens. This was a double-blind study of 15- to 85-year-old patients randomly allocated to montelukast, 10 mg (n=630), placebo (n=613), or the positive control cetirizine, 10 mg (n=122) for 6 weeks. The primary efficacy end point was change(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies show a prolongation of activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time in healthy volunteers after treatment with sugammadex. The authors investigated the effect of sugammadex on postsurgical bleeding and coagulation variables. METHODS This randomized, double-blind trial enrolled patients receiving thromboprophylaxis(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled corticosteroids and anti-leukotriene agents are widely used in the treatment of pediatric asthma. Although data on the effect of corticosteroids on growth are available, there are few such data on anti-leukotriene agents. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of montelukast on short-term lower leg growth rate (LLGR) in(More)
BACKGROUND The plasma-derived, highly purified, nanofiltered C1-inhibitor concentrate (Berinert; "pnfC1-INH") is approved in the United States for treating hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks and in many European countries for attack treatment and short-term prophylaxis. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to describe safety and usage patterns of(More)
BACKGROUND Increased estrogen levels during pregnancy can exacerbate hereditary angioedema (HAE), yet disease and treatment ramifications remain poorly studied in pregnant women. OBJECTIVE Data from the international Berinert Patient Registry were used to evaluate outcomes of pregnancies exposed to plasma-derived, pasteurized, nanofiltered C1-inhibitor(More)
Because vertical transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from mother to infant occurs in only 15%-35% of possible opportunities, natural immune defenses of the mother, fetus, or neonate may be protective against infection. The relation between antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) antibodies and HIV-1 infection was explored in(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of hereditary angioedema (HAE) in 'older adults' (those aged ≥65 years) has not been well studied. The international Berinert Patient Registry collected data on the use of intravenous plasma-derived, pasteurized, nanofiltered C1-inhibitor concentrate (pnfC1-INH; Berinert®/CSL Behring) in patients of any age, including many older adults.(More)
BACKGROUND The plasma-derived, pasteurized, nanofiltered C1-inhibitor concentrate (pnfC1-INH) is approved in the United States as an intravenous (IV) on-demand treatment for hereditary angioedema (HAE) attacks, and, in Europe, as on demand and short-term prophylaxis. OBJECTIVE This analysis evaluated Berinert Patient Registry data regarding IV pnfC1-INH(More)