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There is increasing evidence that biomarkers of exhaled gases or exhaled breath condensate (EBC) may help in detecting abnormalities in respiratory diseases mirroring increased, oxidative stress, airways inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. Beside the traditional techniques to investigate biomarker profiles, "omics" sciences have raised interest in the(More)
Hexactinellids (glass sponges) are an understudied class with syncytial organization and poor procariotic associations, thought to lack defensive secondary metabolites. Poriferans, though, are outstanding sources of bioactive compounds; nonetheless, a growing suspicion suggests that many of these chemicals could be symbiont-derived. In Polar latitudes,(More)
BACKGROUND Diatoms are an ecologically relevant group of microalgae that are not commonly considered for bio-oil production even if they are responsible for massive blooms at sea. Seventeen diatom species were screened for their capacity to produce biomass and lipids, in relation to their growth rate. Triglyceride levels were also assessed as a preferential(More)
In humans, obesity plays a critical role in pulmonary inflammation, and is an important risk factor for the development of several inflammatory respiratory diseases. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms that generate mediators in the setting of obesity may help to recognize the link between obesity and chronic respiratory diseases, like the increased(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a very aggressive neoplasia requiring early and accurate diagnosis to improve patient outcomes with timely treatment. The liver is also very frequently colonized by metastases, and the most frequent differential diagnosis is HCC against intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or metastatic adenocarcinoma. Metabolomics is a powerful(More)
The economically important crop Juniperus communis (Cupressaceae) is a coniferous evergreen shrub or tree distributed throughout the temperate zone of the Northern hemisphere. Its dried bluish-black cones, known as “juniper berries”, are used as flavoring agent in foodstuffs and spirits, while their extracts are widely employed in medicine for their(More)
Metabolites and cofactors are emerging as key regulators of cell plasticity and reprogramming, and their role in the control of pluripotency is just being discovered. Here we provide unprecedented evidence that embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency relies on the relative levels of two physiological metabolites, namely ascorbic acid (vitamin C, VitC) and(More)
Molecular factors are differentially observed in various bent sectors of poplar (Populus nigra) woody taproots. Responses to stress are modulated by a complex interplay among different hormones and signal transduction pathways. In recent years, metabolomics has been recognized as a powerful tool to characterize metabolic network regulation, and it has been(More)
By using NMR spectroscopy, a non-invasive investigation technique, we performed in vivo experiments aimed at uncovering the metabolic pathways involved in the early response of Fabrea salina cells to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. This hypersaline ciliate was chosen as a model organism because of its well-known high resistance to UV radiation. Identical cell(More)
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