Debora E. Dayhoff

Learn More
Entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) into target cells requires both CD4 (ref. 1, 2) and one of a growing number of C-protein-coupled seven-transmembrane receptors3. Viruses predominantly use one, or occasionally both, of the major co-receptors CCR5 or CXCR4, although other receptors, including CCR2B and CCR3, function as minor(More)
The chemokine receptor CCR3 has a critical function in the pathogenesis of eosinophilic diseases and is an entry co-receptor for HIV-1. We describe here the genomic organization and general transcriptional control mechanism for the human gene CCR3. We identified six cDNA transcripts formed by alternative splicing of eight exons and seven introns. CCR3(More)
CXCR4 is both a chemokine receptor and entry co-receptor for T-cell line-adapted human immunodeficiency virus type 1. The genomic organization and promoter function for the entire transcription unit of CXCR4 were determined. The gene contains 2 exons of 103 and 1563 base pairs (bp) interrupted by a 2132-bp intron precisely between codons 5 and 6 of the(More)
Multiple genetic subtypes of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) have been identified among internationally collected isolates. The HIV-1 epidemic in Thailand is largely due to B and E subtypes of virus. Dual infection with distinct HIV-1 subtypes would suggest that antiviral immunity evoked by one subtype can be incompletely protective against a(More)
We previously described the use of extended polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify contiguous 9.2-kilobase (kb) single-long terminal repeat (LTR) proviral sequences from HIV-1 genetic subtypes A through G. We now extend these findings by describing a novel vector system to recover infectious molecular clones from long PCR amplicons. Directional ligation(More)
To assess the influence of HLA on AIDS-free survival, human immunodeficiency virus load, and CD4 cell counts, 91 Caucasian and 48 African-American seroprevalent men were typed for HLA classes I and II and TAP alleles. HLA associations with these markers were assessed by assigning sum integer scores based on 7 class I allele-TAP variants (+1) and 13 class(More)
We sought to define the relation between serum and plasma HIV-1 viral RNA load in patients with primary and chronic HIV-1 disease. HIV-1 viral load was determined from 116 serum and plasma samples, including 33 matched pairs, from five patients with primary and three patients with chronic HIV disease using the Roche HIV Monitor assay. The mean +/- standard(More)
  • 1