Debora Donnini

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OBJECTIVES Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major cause of liver-related morbidity and is frequently associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. The recently discovered hormone adiponectin is produced by adipose tissue, and low plasma adiponectin is considered a key factor in the development of the insulin resistance underlying metabolic(More)
Thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1, also known as NKX2.1 and T/EBP), a transcription factor belonging to the NKX-2 family of homeodomain-containing genes, plays an essential role in the organogenesis of the thyroid gland, lung, and ventral forebrain. Nestin is an intermediate filament protein strongly expressed in multipotential neuroepithelial stem(More)
CONTEXT The recently discovered hormone resistin is linked to the development of insulin resistance, but direct evidence of resistin levels in humans with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is lacking. METHODS We conducted this study to assess the relationship between serum resistin and NAFLD. We measured serum resistin and biochemical, hormonal,(More)
vasodilative Thyroid diseases have been associated with pathophysiological changes in the vasculature that may result from altered thyroid hormone production or to direct effect of elevated thyrotropin (TSH) levels on smooth muscle cells. A direct effect of TSH on vascular endothelium has not been considered. In the present study a strain of human aortic(More)
APE/Ref-1 is a multifunctional protein possessing both redox and DNA repair functions. Through its redox activity, APE/Ref-1 controls the DNA-binding function of several transcriptional regulators (AP1, NF-kappaB, p53, Pax proteins). We have previously shown that APE/Ref-1 upregulates the transcriptional activity of the thyroid-specific transcription factor(More)
Alcohol-induced endothelial changes might contribute to an increase in blood pressure in regular alcohol consumers. Some antihypertensive drugs affect oxidative stress and endothelial function and might counteract the effects of alcohol at the cellular level. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the effects of three different types of(More)
It has been reported that glucose may autooxidize generating free radicals which have been hypothesized to induce important cellular abnormalities. To investigate the cell damage induced by glucose-dependent oxidative stress, the FRTL5 cell strain was incubated in 10 or 20 mM glucose, either alone or in the presence of buthionine-sulfoximine, a transition(More)
BACKGROUND Although heavy alcohol drinkers are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular events, moderate alcohol intake is associated with reduced incidence of cardiovascular death. This paradox might reflect a dose-related effect of different alcohol intakes on endothelial function and this, in turn, might depend on changes in oxidative stress. (More)
Several thrombogenic abnormalities are associated with diabetes. Since endothelial dysfunction occurs at early stages of disease, it may reflect pathophysiological changes that are responsible for alterations in vascular structure, growth and modifications of adhesivity to platelets and leukocytes, leading to atherosclerosis and thrombosis. Predisposing(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is strongly associated to oxidative stress, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular risk. Hepatocytes overloaded with fatty acids (FA) could generate substances that interfere with endothelial function, providing a potential explanation for this association. We have investigated the response of cultured(More)