Deboleena Roy

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Estrogens induce tumors in laboratory animals and have been associated with breast and uterine cancers in humans. In relation to the role of estrogens in the induction of cancer, we examine formation of DNA adducts by reactive electrophilic estrogen metabolites, formation of reactive oxygen species by estrogens and the resulting indirect DNA damage by these(More)
Cytochrome P-450-mediated redox cycling between the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) and diethylstilbestrol-4',4"-quinone (DES Q) has previously been demonstrated. Cytochrome P-450 reductase catalyzes the reduction of DES Q presumably via a semiquinone formed by one-electron reduction. A reducing action of NAD(P)H quinone reductase (EC 1.6.99.2)(More)
Estrogen administration to rodents results in various types of DNA damage and ultimately leads to tumors in estrogen-responsive tissues. Yet these hormones have been classified as nonmutagenic, because they did not induce mutations in classical bacterial and mammalian mutation assays. In this review, we have discussed the induction by estrogens of DNA and(More)
Natural and synthetic estrogens elicit normal hormonal responses in concentrations in a clearly defined yet low range. At elevated doses, metabolic reactions of the phenolic moiety, while harmless at low levels, may become the predominant biochemical activity and may exert deleterious effects. These metabolic pathways, such as i) oxidation of estrogens to(More)
The pineal hormone melatonin plays an important role in the neuroendocrine control of reproductive physiology, but its effects on hypothalamic GnRH neurons are not yet known. We have found that GT1-7 GnRH-secreting neurons express membrane-bound G protein-coupled melatonin receptors, mt1 (Mel-1a) and MT2 (Mel-1b) as well as the orphan nuclear receptors ROR(More)
Data are reported demonstrating a role for glutathione and age in the metabolic activation of phenytoin to a reactive metabolite. The in vitro liver microsomal covalent binding of [14C]-phenytoin (DPH) was examined in mice and rats. After incubation with 25-300 microM DPH, covalent binding was dose dependent and linear with time. Incubation in an atmosphere(More)
Estrogen has wide-ranging and complex effects on the reproductive axis, which are often difficult to interpret from in vivo studies. Estrogen negatively regulates tonic GnRH synthesis and also plays a pivotal role in the positive regulation of GnRH necessary for the preovulatory surge. To dissect the mechanisms by which these divergent effects occur, we(More)
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) cDNA was isolated from a subtracted cDNA library that selected for progesterone-induced transcripts from rat uterine stromal cells. In this study, the effects of progesterone and estradiol on the expression of HB-EGF in mature rat uterine epithelial and stromal cells have been examined.(More)
The role of thiols (nonprotein and protein) in the metabolic activation of phenytoin was examined. In vitro phenytoin covalent binding and metabolite formation were determined in hepatic microsomes from A/J mice. Covalent binding of a phenytoin-reactive intermediate to microsomal protein was linear with respect to time, protein concentration and phenytoin(More)
Quinone metabolites of catechol estrogens have been postulated to mediate estradiol-induced carcinogenesis. In this study, this postulate was examined by investigating the effect of modulators of quinone metabolism on estradiol-induced tumor incidence in male Syrian hamsters. 2(3)-t-Butyl-4-hydroxyanisol (BHA) and dicumarol which are known to stimulate or(More)