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Effects of polyamines on various protein kinases were investigated. It was found that both phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+-dependent protein kinase and myosin light-chain kinase (a calmodulin-sensitive species of Ca2+-dependent protein kinase) were inhibited to different degrees by polyamines, with an approximate order of inhibitory potency of spermine = 1,(More)
A new protein kinase modulated by S-100 (tentatively referred to as protein kinase X) was partially purified from pig brain extracts. The activity of protein kinase X, which was independent of Ca2+, was demonstrated when protamine (free base), but not protamine sulfate and other proteins (including histone), was used as substrate. The enzyme activity, found(More)
AIMS To investigate the efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) alleviation of acute visceral hyperalgesia, the frequency dependence of this efficacy, and the difference in endogenous opioid pathways as underlying mechanism explaining the frequency dependence. MAIN METHODS A visceral hyperalgesia model was established by colorectal instillation of 2% acetic(More)
A new brain enzyme (tentatively named protein kinase X), which catalyzes protamine phosphorylation modulated by S-100, was reported recently. An endogenous substrate protein (Mr = 19K) for protein kinase X was isolated from brain by means of S-100-Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography. S-100, but not calmodulin, promoted phosphorylation of the 19K Mr protein(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, available data regarding previous cervical cytology and high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) test results to detect invasive cervical cancer are limited and controversial in China. Therefore, this retrospective study in a population of Chinese women with invasive cervical carcinoma aimed to gain further insight into the roles of(More)
Although lanthanide ions La3+ and Tb3+ were only slightly able to substitute for Ca2+ to activate phospholipid-sensitive Ca2+-dependent protein kinase (PL-Ca-PK), they potentiated the ability of a suboptimal concentration of Ca2+ to stimulate the enzyme. In comparison, the lanthanides were more effective Ca2+ substitutes for myosin light chain kinase, a(More)
The involvement of spinal NR2B, a N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit, in the therapeutic effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on chronic visceral hyperalgesia was investigated. Chronic visceral hyperalgesia was induced using an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) model in rats. Graded colorectal distention (CRD) stimuli at strengths of 20, 40, 60 and 80(More)
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