Debie Alvares

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The pathways, synapses and molecules involved in pain processing in the newborn are not only required to trigger repair and recuperation but are also involved in the process of forming a mature nervous system. Sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglion and dorsal horn express a phenomenal array of molecules which contribute to their structural and(More)
An in vitro model was established to investigate factors underlying the sensory hyperinnervation of neonatal rat skin wounds that has been observed in vivo (Reynolds and Fitzgerald, J. Comp. Neurol. 358 (1995) 487-489). Explants of normal and wounded rat dorsal foot skin were co-cultured with explants of embryonic chick or newborn rat dorsal root ganglia(More)
The response to tissue injury includes sensitization of peripheral nociceptors and central neuronal pathways leading to acute clinical and inflammatory pain. A further response is sprouting of sensory nerve terminals in the region of skin damage. This hyperinnervation response is particularly intense in neonates compared with adults. In this study, we(More)
Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) is a target-derived neurotrophic factor that regulates sensory neuronal survival and growth. Here we report that NT-3 plays a critical permissive role in cutaneous sensory nerve sprouting that contributes to pain and sensitivity following skin wounding in young animals. Sensory terminal sprouting in neonatally wounded dermis and(More)
The mechanisms for directing and organising sensory axons within developing skin remain largely unknown. The present study provides the first evidence that signalling occurs between A-ephrins and Eph-A receptors during the development of rat cutaneous sensory innervation both during normal development and following skin injury. Specifically, our data(More)
A 22-year-old woman presented with progressive sensory ataxia and optic neuropathy. Previous investigation by her general practitioner had found a low serum vitamin B12, which had been corrected with oral supplementation. Neurological investigations showed raised plasma homocysteine and methylmalonic acid towards the upper limit of normal with a low serum(More)
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