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The need for ECG gating presents many difficulties in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). Real-time imaging techniques eliminate the need for ECG gating in cine CMRI, but they cannot offer the spatial and temporal resolution provided by segmented acquisition techniques. Previous MR signal-based techniques have demonstrated an ability to provide(More)
Segmented cine MRI generally requires breath-holding, which can be problematic for many patients. Navigator echo techniques, particularly successful for free-breathing coronary MRA, are incompatible with the acquisition strategies and SSFP pulse sequences commonly used for cine MRI. The purpose of this work is to introduce a new self-gating technique(More)
ECG-based gating in cardiac MR imaging requires additional patient preparation time, is susceptible to RF and magnetic interference, and is ineffective in a significant percentage of patients. "Wireless" or "self-gating" techniques have been described using either interleaved central k-space lines or projection reconstruction to obtain MR signals(More)
T(1)-shortening contrast agents have been used to improve the depiction of coronary arteries with breath-hold magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). The spatial resolution and coverage are limited by the duration of the arterial phase of the contrast media passage. In this study we investigated the feasibility of acquiring free-breathing, whole-heart(More)
The navigator gating and slice tracking approach currently used for respiratory motion compensation during free-breathing coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) has low imaging efficiency (typically 30-50%), resulting in long imaging times. In this work, a novel respiratory motion correction technique with 100% scan efficiency was developed for(More)
The four-dimensional (4D) coronary MR angiography (MRA) approach has been developed to eliminate the need for accurate determination of the acquisition window and trigger delay time. Diaphragm navigator (NAV) has been the conventional respiratory gating method for free-breathing coronary MRA. However, NAV echo acquisition interrupts the continuous(More)
Respiratory motion remains a major challenge for robust coronary MR angiography (MRA). Diaphragmatic navigator (NAV) suffers from indirect measurement of heart position. Respiratory self-gating (RSG) approaches improve motion detection only in the head-feet direction, leaving motion in the other two dimensions unaccounted for. The purpose of this study was(More)
A parallel imaging technique, GRAPPA (GeneRalized Auto-calibrating Partially Parallel Acquisitions), has been used to improve temporal or spatial resolution. Coil calibration in GRAPPA is performed in central k-space by fitting a target signal using its adjacent signals. Missing signals in outer k-space are reconstructed. However, coil calibration operates(More)
PURPOSE To achieve whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with (1.0 mm)(3) spatial resolution and 5 min of free-breathing scan time. METHODS We used an electrocardiograph-gated, T2-prepared and fat-saturated balanced steady state free precession sequence with 3DPR trajectory for free-breathing data acquisition with 100% gating(More)
Whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography is a promising method for detecting coronary artery disease. However, the imaging time is relatively long (typically 10-15 min). The goal of this study was to implement a radial echo planar imaging sequence for contrast-enhanced whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography, with the aim of combining(More)