Debby Schipper

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Emerging viral infections can be identified by using a viral metagenomics approach for clinical human material. Diarrhea samples of patients with unexplained gastroenteritis from the Netherlands were analyzed by using viral metagenomics. Novel circular DNA viruses, bufaviruses, and genogroup III picobirnaviruses were identified. These data expand our(More)
Liposomes are potent nanocarriers to deliver chemotherapeutic drugs to tumors. However, the inefficient drug release hinders their application. Thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) can release drugs upon heat. This study aims to identify the optimum 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-PEG(2000) (DSPE-PEG(2000)) concentration in stealth TSL to(More)
Liposomal nanoparticles can circumvent toxicity of encapsulated chemotherapeutic drugs, but fall short in tumor-specific and efficient intracellular drug delivery. To overcome these shortcomings, we designed a multifunctional dual targeted, heat-responsive nanocarrier encapsulating doxorubicin (Dox) as a chemotherapeutic content. Dox-loaded cationic(More)
Successful treatment of solid tumors with chemotherapeutics requires that adequate levels reach the tumor cells. Tumor vascular normalization has been proposed to enhance drug delivery and improve tumor response to chemotherapy. Differently, augmenting leakage of the tumor-associated vasculature, and as such enhance vascular abnormality, may improve tumor(More)
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections have led to an ongoing outbreak in humans, which was fueled by multiple zoonotic MERS-CoV introductions from dromedary camels. In addition to the implementation of hygiene measures to limit further camel-to-human and human-to-human transmissions, vaccine-mediated reduction of MERS-CoV spread(More)
For amphiphilic anticancer drugs, such as the anthracyclin doxorubicin (Dox), uptake by tumor cells involves slow diffusion across the plasma membrane, a limiting factor in clinical oncology. Previously, we discovered that preinsertion of short-chain sphingolipids such as N-octanoyl-glucosylceramide (GC) in the tumor cell membrane enhances cellular Dox(More)
Developing selectively targeted and heat-responsive nanocarriers holds paramount promises in chemotherapy. We show that this can be achieved by designing liposomes combining cationic charged and thermosensitive lipids in the bilayer. We demonstrated, using flow cytometry, live cell imaging, and intravital optical imaging, that cationic thermosensitive(More)
Endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide-II (EMAP-II), a proinflammatory cytokine with antiangiogenic properties, renders tumours sensitive to tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) treatment. The exact mechanisms for this effect remain unclear. Here we show that human endothelial cells (EC) are insensitive to TNF-induced apoptosis but after a short(More)
Liposomes, capable of temperature-triggered content release at the site of interest, can be of great importance for imaging and therapy of tumors. The delivery of imaging agents or therapeutics can be improved by application of liposomes with a gel-to-liquid phase-transition temperature suitable for mild hyperthermia (41-43°C), and by prolonging their(More)
Pathogen surveillance in animals does not provide a sufficient level of vigilance because it is generally confined to surveillance of pathogens with known economic impact in domestic animals and practically nonexistent in wildlife species. As most (re-)emerging viral infections originate from animal sources, it is important to obtain insight into viral(More)