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The objectives of the study were: (i) to elaborate an ethogram of the rat's behaviour during the hot plate test, (ii) to analyse the rat's responses to the nociceptive heat stimulus by using ethological techniques, and (iii) to discern the suitable pattern or patterns to evaluate the rat's reaction to the noxious stimulus. Male Wistar rats (n = 30) were(More)
The objectives of this study were: i) to analyse the effects of morphine and naloxone on the rat's behaviour in the hot plate test using an ethological approach, and ii) to compare the effectiveness of repeated versus single test paradigms. Animals received either morphine (0, 3, 6 or 9 mg/kg SC) or naloxone (0, 0.01, 0.1 or 1 mg/kg SC). For repeated hot(More)
A partner preference paradigm, stud male vs estrous female, was used to study sexual behavior. Ovariectomized Wistar rats received bilateral electrolytic (n = 33) or sham (n = 16) lesion of the nucleus accumbens. Animals were tested in two different experimental situations, either with stimulus animals tethered (test with possibility of mating) or with(More)
Ovariectomized Wistar rats received bilateral electrolytic (n = 24) or sham (n = 11) lesion of the nucleus accumbens. Following priming with estradiol benzoate (25 micrograms/rat) and progesterone (0.5 mg/rat) they were tested for sexual behavior with a stud male. Tests were carried out once prior to operation and twice postoperatively. Both lordosis and(More)
Animals were assigned to two groups: weekly stimulated (WS, n = 30) and daily stimulated (DS, n = 30). Three hot plate tests (55.0 +/- 0.5 degree C, 45 s exposure time) were carried out for each rat. Behavior was videotaped and analyzed by a 14-pattern ethogram and a software package. A cluster analysis revealed that naive rats mainly displayed: i)(More)
Behavior in accumbens-lesioned male Wistar rats during paired encounters was assessed by several parameters, scores and cluster analysis based on similarity between patterns. Encounters were videotaped and analyzed by an ethogram and a software package previously elaborated. Residents were lesioned (n = 23) or sham operated (n = 10). A reactivity score was(More)
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Selective lesions placed in three different regions of the nucleus accumbens were performed to assess their effects on spatial preference in the rat. Histological verification allowed to establish three groups of lesioned animals: medial, intermediate and lateral. Sham operations involved all procedures except the passing of a current. All animals were(More)