Learn More
Recently, experts have suggested that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a highly heterogeneous condition, is actually composed of distinct subtypes. Research to identify specific subtypes of OCD has focused primarily on symptom presentation. Subtype models have been proposed using factor analyses that yield dimensional systems of symptom categories, but(More)
The study explores whether an atypical form of obsessional illness can be delineated and separated from the conventional form of obsessive-compulsive neurosis (OCN). From a group of 45 obsessive patients, 8 were selected on the basis of 3 criteria: presence of a severely debilitating main obsessive symptom; bordering on the delusional; no schizophrenic(More)
CONTEXT The hypothesis of a serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) dysfunction in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) stems largely from the clinical efficacy of 5-HT reuptake inhibitors. Serotonergic abnormalities in the unmedicated symptomatic state, however, remain to be fully characterized. OBJECTIVE To investigate brain regional 5-HT synthesis, as(More)
This study examined both mean levels and intraindividual variability in the mood and interpersonal behavior of individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and nonclinical control participants over a 20-day event-contingent recording period. Individuals in the BPD group experienced more unpleasantly valenced affect and were less dominant, more(More)
Recent theories of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) emphasize the importance of cognitive contents (beliefs and appraisals) and cognitive processes in the etiology and maintenance of OCD. In order to evaluate these theories and to assess the mechanisms of treatment-related change, it is necessary to develop measures of the relevant cognitive contents and(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological evidence support that enhancement of serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission is critical for treatment efficacy in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Surprisingly, acute tryptophan depletion (ATD), a procedure known to reduce 5-HT neurotransmission, carried out in remitted OCD patients on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors(More)
Some but not all models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) emphasize the role of dysfunctional beliefs in the etiology and maintenance of this disorder. Clinical observations suggest that some OCD patients have prominent dysfunctional beliefs associated with their obsessions and compulsions, while other patients do not show this pattern. It is possible(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examines concurrent associations of attachment security, psychopathology and recollections of early parental interactions, in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), depression, and in healthy controls. METHOD Thirty-six out-patients with OCD, 16 depressed out-patients and 26 controls were asked to fill out the Revised Adult(More)
This narrative review gathers together a range of international experts to critically appraise the existing trial-based evidence relating to the efficacy and tolerability of pharmacotherapy for obsessive compulsive disorder in adults. We discuss the diagnostic evaluation and clinical characteristics followed by treatment options suitable for the clinician(More)