Debasish Kar

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Cell wall impermeability and active efflux of drugs are among the primary reasons for drug resistance in mycobacteria. Efflux pumps are tripartite membrane localized transport proteins that expel drug molecules outside the cells. Several of such efflux pumps are annotated in mycobacteria, but few have been characterized, like MSMEG_2991, a putative efflux(More)
Penicillin-binding protein 5 (PBP5), a dd-carboxypeptidase, maintains cell shape and intrinsic beta-lactam resistance in E. coli. A strain lacking PBP5 loses intrinsic beta-lactam resistance and simultaneous lack of two other PBPs results in aberrantly shaped cells. PBP5 expression in trans complements the shape and restores the lost beta-lactam resistance.(More)
New Delhi Metallo beta-lactamase (NDM) is of significant public health concern due to its enormous potential to hydrolyse all major beta-lactams including carbapenems. Amino acid substitutions outside the active site reportedly affect NDM beta-lactamase activities. Here, the effect of amino acid substitutions in the possible omega-like loop region of NDM-5(More)
DD-carboxypeptidases (DD-CPases) are low-molecular-mass (LMM) penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) that are mainly involved in peptidoglycan remodelling, but little is known about the dd-CPases of mycobacteria. In this study, a putative DD-CPase of Mycobacterium smegmatis, MSMEG_2433 is characterized. The gene for the membrane-bound form of MSMEG_2433 was(More)
Of the five dd-carboxypeptidases in Escherichia coli, only PBP5 demonstrates its physiological significance by maintaining cell shape and intrinsic beta-lactam resistance. DacD can partially compensate for the lost beta-lactam resistance in PBP5 mutant, although its biochemical reason is unclear. To understand the mechanism(s) underlying such behaviour, we(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking is associated with increased macrovascular and microvascular complications in people with diabetes. In addition to other concomitant vascular perturbations, it also seems to influence the cardiometabolic parameters, which may partly explain the accelerated rate of vascular complications in smokers with diabetes. While smoking cessation is(More)
Mycobacterial beta-lactamases are involved in exerting beta-lactam resistance, though many of these proteins remain uncharacterized. Here, we have characterized MSMEG_4455 of Mycobacterium smegmatis as a beta-lactamase using molecular, biochemical and mutational techniques. To elucidate its nature in vivo and in vitro, and to predict its structure-function(More)
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