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The present study was planned to evaluate the role of curcumin in the formalin-induced orofacial pain in rats that mimics typical human orofacial pain. Adult Wistar rats of either sex received an injection of 50 microL of 5% v/v subcutaneous formalin injection into one vibrissal pad and consequent facial grooming behavior was monitored. Animals exhibited(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are combined with paracetamol (PCM) with a view to enhance analgesic efficacy and reduce gastric toxicity. However, there are reports of enhanced nephrotoxicity with nonselective NSAID with PCM combinations. The present study investigated the analgesic efficacy, gastrotoxicity and nephrotoxicity of nonselective,(More)
Piperine, the active principle of Piper longum, Piper nigrum and Zingiber officinalis, has been reported to enhance the oral bioavailability of phenytoin in human volunteers. The objective of this study was to explore the effect of a single dose of piperine in patients with uncontrolled epilepsy on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of phenytoin. Two groups(More)
Piperine, the active principle of piper species, is commonly used as a spice and adjuvant in various traditional systems of medicine. It has been known as a bioavailability-enhancer. The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of piperine on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of a single dose of carbamazepine in poorly controlled epilepsy patients on(More)
OBJECTIVES Acute kidney injury (AKI) following cardiac surgery is a common complication associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Activation of inflammatory cascade and vascular endothelial dysfunction plays a vital role during the perioperative period leading to AKI. Statins are known to suppress inflammation and improve endothelial dysfunction over(More)
The present study evaluates the possible role of dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonist nimodipine on diclofenac analgesia in formalin-induced facial pain model in rats. Adult Wistar rats of either sex received an injection of 50 microl of 5% v/v subcutaneous formalin into one vibrissal pad and consequent facial grooming behaviour was monitored. Animals(More)
OBJECTIVE Proton pump inhibitors, by elevating plasma gastrin, can influence glucose-insulin homeostasis. Because there are no controlled clinical trials, the present study was planned to evaluate the effect of pantoprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, on glucose-insulin homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS IN this(More)
INTRODUCTION Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is frequently encountered in the surgical recovery room. Abdominal surgery is one important risk factor for increased incidence of PONV. Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant with known postoperative analgesic properties, has shown some activity against PONV. Results from clinical trials evaluating the(More)
INTRODUCTION Tobacco smoking is a widespread phenomenon, and nicotine is the addictive component of tobacco. Nicotine acts through nicotinic cholinergic receptors and has been associated with different types of psychophysical disorders in human beings. The present study had explored the proconvulsive action of nicotine and its effect on the antiseizure(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of duloxetine and amitriptyline in painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this randomized, double-blind, cross-over, active-control trial, 58 patients received amitriptyline and duloxetine orally once daily at bedtime, each for 6 weeks with optional dose uptitration fortnightly.(More)