Debashis Mitra

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BACKGROUND Cellular miRNAs play an important role in the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Recently, miRNAs have also been shown to be able to target and inhibit viral gene expression. Computational predictions revealed earlier that the HIV-1 genome includes regions that may be potentially targeted by human miRNAs. Here we report the(More)
To better understand DNA recognition and transcription activity by SATB1, the T-lineage-enriched chromatin organizer and transcription factor, we have determined its optimal DNA-binding sequence by random oligonucleotide selection. The consensus SATB1-binding sequence (CSBS) comprises a palindromic sequence in which two identical AT-rich half-sites are(More)
Leishmania, a protozoan parasite, lives and multiplies as amastigote within macrophages. It is proposed that the macrophage expressed CD40 interacts with CD40 ligand on T cells to induce IFN-gamma, a Th1-type cytokine that restricts the amastigote growth. Here, we demonstrate that CD40 cross-linking early after infection resulted in inducible nitric oxide(More)
A large number of multicomponent vaccine candidates are currently in clinical evaluation, many of which also include the HIV-1 Tat protein, an important regulatory protein of the virus. However, whether Tat, a known immune effector molecule with a well-conserved sequence among different HIV subtypes, affects the immune response to a coimmunogen is not well(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection leads to changes in cellular gene expression, which in turn tend to modulate viral gene expression and replication. Cellular heat shock proteins (HSPs) are induced upon heat shock, UV irradiation and microbial or viral infections. We have reported earlier Nef-dependent induction of HSP40 leading to increased(More)
After the engagement of Ag receptor, most of the Th cells for their optimal activation require a second (costimulatory) signal provided by the APCs. We demonstrate the isolation and characterization of a 99- to 105-kDa protein (B2), from LPS-activated B cell surface, and its function as a Th2-specific costimulatory molecule. Appearance of B2 as a single(More)
Establishment of host-protective memory T cells against tumors is the objective of an antitumor immunoprophylactic strategy such as reinforcing T cell costimulation via CD40-CD40L interaction. Previous CD40-targeted strategies assumed that T cell costimulation is an all-or-none phenomenon. It was unknown whether different levels of CD40L expression induce(More)
HIV-1 replication is a tightly controlled mechanism which demands the interplay of host as well as viral factors. Both gp120 (envelope glycoprotein) and Nef (regulatory protein) have been correlated with the development of AIDS disease in independent studies. In this context, the ability of HIV-1 to utilize immature dentritic cells for transfer of virus is(More)
HIV-1 efficiently hijacks host cellular machinery and exploits a plethora of host-viral interactions for its successful survival. Identifying host factors that affect susceptibility or resistance to HIV-1 may offer a promising therapeutic strategy against HIV-1. Previously, we have reported that heat shock proteins, HSP40 and HSP70 reciprocally regulate(More)