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Deinococcus radiodurans is extremely resistant to ionizing radiation. How this bacterium can grow under chronic gamma radiation [50 grays (Gy) per hour] or recover from acute doses greater than 10 kGy is unknown. We show that D. radiodurans accumulates very high intracellular manganese and low iron levels compared with radiation-sensitive bacteria and that(More)
The structure of the wild-type c1 locus of Zea mays was determined by sequence analysis of one genomic and two cDNA clones. The coding region is composed of three exons (150 bp, 129 bp and one, at least 720 bp) and two small introns (88 bp and 145 bp). Transcription of the mRNAs corresponding to the two cDNA clones cLC6 (1.1 kb) and cLC28 (2.1 kb) starts(More)
In Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP134, pJP4 carries the genes coding for 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D) and 3-chlorobenzoate (3-Cba) degradation plus mercury resistance. The plasmid genes specifying 2,4-D and 3-Cba catabolism are organized in three operons: tfdA, tfdB, and tfdCDEF. Regulation of these operons by two unlinked genes, tfdR and tfdS, has been(More)
Immense volumes of radioactive wastes, which were generated during nuclear weapons production, were disposed of directly in the ground during the Cold War, a period when national security priorities often surmounted concerns over the environment. The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans is the most radiation-resistant organism known and is currently being(More)
Gene nahG of naphthalene/salicylate catabolic plasmid NAH7 encodes a protein of molecular weight 45,000, salicylate hydroxylase. This enzyme catalyzes the formation of catechol from salicylate, a key intermediate in naphthalene catabolism. DNA sequence analysis of the 3.1-kilobase HindIII fragment containing the nahG locus reveals an open reading frame(More)
The 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D) catabolic plasmid pJP4 of Alcaligenes eutrophus JMP134 contains two sets of nonidentical chlorocatechol oxidation gene sequences physically separated by a 7 kb DNA region. We determined the nucleotide sequence of the 1.6 kb HindIII fragment containing the known genes tfdC and tfdD (Don et al. 1985) which encode(More)
The nah and sal operons of the 80-kilobase-pair (kb) NAH7 plasmid specify catabolism of naphthalene and salicylate under positive regulation by gene nahR. A 1.75-kb fragment (PstI-HindIII) cloned into the pCP13 derivative of vector RK2 complemented in trans five nahR mutations. The fragment sequence contained a 1,122-base-pair open reading frame with a(More)
The mode of degradation of various halogenated compounds in isolated pure cultures and the disposition of the degradative genes have been studied. In many cases the degradative genes are found to be clustered on plasmids and appear to be under positive control. Genetic selection in vivo and genetic manipulations in vitro have allowed construction of strains(More)
The enzyme catechol 2,3-dioxygenase (C23O) encoded by the nahH gene of plasmid NAH7 converts catechol to alpha-hydroxymuconic epsilon-semialdehyde in Pseudomonas putida. We have cloned this structural gene into vectors pUC18 and pKT240, determined the nucleotide sequence and deduced the amino acid sequence. In comparison to the gene xylE of the TOL plasmid(More)
All of the structural genes for 3-chlorobenzoate degradation are clustered in a 4.2-kilobase (kb) region of plasmid pAC25 (or pAC27) in Pseudomonas putida. An approximate 10-kb DNA segment containing three structural genes for chlorocatechol metabolism present on plasmid pJP4 in Alcaligenes eutrophus shows homology with the above 4.2-kb region of pAC27. In(More)