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Dispiro-pyrrolidino/pyrrolizidino fused oxindoles/acenaphthoquinones have been derived from andrographolide via azomethine ylide cycloaddition to the conjugated double-bond under microwave (MW) irradiation. The reactions are chemo-, stereo-, and regioselective in nature. Change in amino acid from sarcosine/N-benzyl glycine to l-proline changes the(More)
Hepatic damage caused by chronic exposure to arsenic has been frequently described. Here we report on 13 patients from West Bengal, India, who consumed large amounts of arsenic in drinking water. An epidemiological investigation of the study area showed evidence of chronic arsenical dermatosis and hepatomegaly in 62 (92.5%) of 67 members of families who(More)
The interaction of deferiprone (1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-pyrid-4-one) L1, the first clinically available oral iron chelator, with the tetrameric allosteric protein hemoglobin from human red blood cells has been investigated spectrofluorometrically and by circular dichroism spectroscopy. The interaction is hydrogenbond like electrostatic in nature, the binding(More)
Anemia in beta-thalassemia is caused by a combination of ineffective erythropoiesis and premature hemolysis of RBC in the peripheral circulation. Excess of the alpha-globin chain present in beta-thalassemic RBC is mainly responsible for oxidative damage of erythrocyte membrane protein. The activities of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, glutathione(More)
Isolation of andrographolide from Andrographis paniculata, preparation of a library of derivatives via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of andrographolide with azomethine ylides generated from isatin derivatives or acenaphthoquinone and seconday α-amino acids, evaluation of the anticancer potential of the products, quantitative structure activity relationship(More)
Crude decoction of Chenopodium album seed showed spermicidal effect at MIC 2 mg/ml in earlier studies. Systematic isolation, characterization and evaluation revealed that the major metabolite Desgalactotigonin (DGT) is the most effective principle in both in vitro and in vivo studies. The in vitro studies comprises (a) rat and human sperm motility and(More)
Since the etiology of vitiligo is still unknown, we searched for some abnormal biochemical parameters, if any, in subjects with vitiligo. Higher urinary excretion of indole metabolites in vitiliginous patients have been noted, in association with higher dioxygenase, superoxide dismutase, and tyrosine aminotransferase activity in their serum. Similar results(More)