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A spoken language generation system has been developed that learns to describe objects in computer-generated visual scenes. The system is trained by a ‘show-and-tell" procedure in which visual scenes are paired with natural language descriptions. Learning algorithms acquire probabilistic structures which encode the visual semantics of phrase structure, word(More)
Kinetics of batch cultivation of four species of Bifidobacterium in milk were examined in detail. Bifidobacteria could grow well in milk inoculated with cultures prepared in a synthetic medium. Cessation of growth occurred, however, in pH-controlled batch cultures, although incomplete utilization of lactose was observed. Lactate and acetate accumulation(More)
The bacterial community of maple sap was characterized by analysis of samples obtained at the taphole of maple trees for the 2001 and 2002 seasons. Among the 190 bacterial isolates, 32 groups were formed according to the similarity of the banding patterns obtained by amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA). A subset of representative isolates(More)
The NewsComm system delivers personalized news and other program material as audio to mobile users through a hand-held playback device. This paper focuses on the iterative design and user testing of the hand-held interface. The interface was first designed and tested in a software-only environment and then ported to a custom hardware platform. The hand-held(More)
As a step toward simulating dynamic dialogue between agents and humans in virtual environments, we describe learning a model of social behavior composed of interleaved utterances and physical actions. In our model, utterances are abstracted as {speech act, propositional content, referent} triples. After training a classifier on 100 gameplay logs from The(More)
Collective Artificial Intelligence (CAI) simulates human intelligence from data contributed by many humans, mined for inter-related patterns. This thesis applies CAI to social role-playing, introducing an end-to-end process for compositing recorded performances from thousands of humans, and simulating open-ended interaction from this data. The CAI process(More)
Health concerns and technological effects of psychrotrophic bacteria in dairy products are reviewed, as well as methods to control their presence and development. The various Gram-negative and Gram-positive psychrotrophic species are listed and, with respect to pathogenic psychrotrophs, emphasis is given on Listeria monocytogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica,(More)
This study investigated the physicochemical forces involving the adhesion of Listeria monocytogenes to surfaces. A total of 22 strains of L. monocytogenes were compared for relative surface hydrophobicity with the salt aggregation test. Cell surface charges and hydrophobicity of L. monocytogenes Scott A were also determined by electrophoretic mobility,(More)
We report on an audio retrieval system which lets Internet users efficiently access a large audio database containing recordings of the proceedings of the United States House of Representatives. The audio has been temporally aligned to text transcripts of the proceedings (which are manually generated by the U.S. Government) using a novel method based on(More)