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Biphasic contractions were produced in dog trabeculae by replacing 90-95% of the calcium in the bathing solution with strontium. These conditions produced prolonged action potentials accompanied by contractions with two distinct phasic components. The early component disappeared slowly when the remaining Ca++ was removed, whereas the late component was(More)
Rest potentiation, believed to be due to increased utilization of sarcoplasmic reticular calcium, was converted to rest depression by BAY K 8644 (1 microM). Plateau height and duration of the postrest beat were enhanced by BAY K 8644, suggesting an enhancement of extracellular calcium entry. Caffeine (3 mM) also produced depression at all rest intervals,(More)
The aim of this work was to determine the relationship between peak twitch amplitude and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content during changes of stimulation frequency in isolated canine ventricle, and to estimate the extent to which these changes were dependent upon sarcolemmal Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange. In physiological [Na+]o, increased stimulation frequency(More)
Contraction of canine ventricular trabeculae were recorded stimulation at a frequency of 0.5 Hz and after rest periods of 2 and 8 min to analyze the effect of the Ca channel agonist BAY k 8644, on sarcoplasmic reticular function. Short periods of rest interposed between steady trains of stimuli caused a potentiation of the postrest beat. This is believed to(More)
1. The mechanism of post-extrasystolic, rest and frequency potentiation was studied in canine isolated ventricular muscle. 2. Ryanodine, which impairs Ca availability from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), reduced the amplitude of the extrasystole less than that of the steady state contraction. Ryanodine also inhibited post-extrasystolic potentiation and(More)
Positive inotropic concentration of the Ca-channel agonist, Bay K 8644, depressed contraction of canine right ventricular trabecula immediately after a rest period of 8 min, without decreasing action potential plateau amplitude. In contrast, high external Ca and ouabagenin caused only a slight decrease in post-rest contraction. Bay K 8644-induced post-rest(More)
Multiunit canine tracheal smooth muscle responded to carbachol with graded depolarization and tonic contraction. The same concentration of carbachol, after metabolic depletion by substrate removal, produced rhythmic contractions and action potentials. Similar mechanical effects were also observed with acetylcholine or histamine. These effects were reversed(More)
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