Deanne H. Hryciw

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There is a significant clinical need to identify novel ligands with high selectivity and potency for GABA(A), GABA(C) and glycine receptor Cl- channels. Two recently developed, yellow fluorescent protein variants (YFP-I152L and YFP-V163S) are highly sensitive to quench by small anions and are thus suited to reporting anionic influx into cells. The aim of(More)
The constitutive reuptake of albumin from the glomerular filtrate by receptor-mediated endocytosis is a key function of the renal proximal tubules. Both the Cl- channel ClC-5 and the Na+-H+ exchanger isoform 3 are critical components of the macromolecular endocytic complex that is required for albumin uptake, and therefore the cell-surface levels of these(More)
The proper functioning of the Cl(-) channel, ClC-5, is essential for the uptake of low molecular mass proteins through receptor-mediated endocytosis in the proximal tubule. Dent's disease patients with mutant ClC-5 channels and ClC-5 knockout (KO) mice both have low molecular mass proteinuria. To further understand the function of ClC-5, endocytosis was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS GPR43 and GPR120 have recently been deorphanised as receptors for fatty acids. Fatty acids mediate a variety of metabolic processes in the body, however, the effect these receptors have on metabolism is not fully understood. Here, we characterise the effect of diet-induced obesity on the expression of GPR43 and GPR120 in tissues important in(More)
1. Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) result in the primary defect observed in patients with cystic fibrosis. 2. The CFTR is a member of the ATPase-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family but, unlike other members of this group, CFTR conducts a chloride current that is activated by cAMP. 3. In epithelial cells, the(More)
Receptor-mediated endocytosis is a constitutive high capacity pathway for the reabsorption of proteins from the glomerular filtrate by the renal proximal tubule. ClC-5 is a voltage-gated chloride channel found in the proximal tubule where it has been shown to be essential for protein uptake, based on evidence from patients with Dent's disease and studies in(More)
Gene knockout and agonist studies indicate that activation of the G protein-coupled receptor, GPR119, protects against diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance. It is not known if GPR119 activation in skeletal muscle mediates these effects. To address this uncertainty, we measured GPR119 expression in skeletal muscle and determined the effects of(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause for the development of end-stage renal disease. In diabetes mellitus, a number of structural changes occur within the kidney which leads to a decline in renal function. Damage to the renal proximal tubule cells (PTCs) in diabetic nephropathy includes thickening of the basement membrane, tubular fibrosis, tubular(More)
Endogenous endocannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors; namely CB1, CB2, TRPV1 and GPR55, to activate intracellular pathways that control many cellular functions. Elevated levels of endocannabinoids have been identified in diseases such as obesity and diabetes, with the onset of diabetic nephropathy associated with proximal tubule hypertrophy. Recent(More)
Albumin endocytosis in the proximal tubule is mediated by a number of proteins, including the scavenger receptor megalin/cubilin and the PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1 (PDZ) scaffolds NHERF1 and NHERF2. In addition, in a number of in vitro and in vivo models, the loss of ClC-5 results in a decreased cell surface expression and whole cell level of megalin, suggesting an(More)