Deanna S Paramore

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Hyperinsulinemia. is associated with an overexpression of mRNA for the ob protein leptin in rodent models of genetic obesity, and insulin has been reported to directly stimulate leptin mRNA in rat adipocytes. Human obesity is also associated with increased leptin mRNA as well as plasma levels, but there have been no reports of the effect of insulin on(More)
We tested the hypotheses that the glucagon response to hypoglycemia is reduced in patients who are approaching the insulin-deficient end of the spectrum of type 2 diabetes and that recent antecedent hypoglycemia shifts the glycemic thresholds for autonomic (including adrenomedullary epinephrine) and symptomatic responses to hypoglycemia to lower plasma(More)
Recent antecedent hypoglycemia has been found to shift glycemic thresholds for autonomic (including adrenomedullary epinephrine), symptomatic, and other responses to subsequent hypoglycemia to lower plasma glucose concentrations. This change in threshold is the basis of the clinical syndromes of hypoglycemia unawareness and, in part, defective glucose(More)
To test the hypothesis that blood-to-brain glucose transport is reduced in poorly controlled type 1 diabetes, we studied seven patients with a mean (+/- SD) HbA1c level of 10.1 +/- 1.2% and nine nondiabetic subjects during hyperinsulinemic, mildly hypoglycemic (approximately 3.6 mmol/l, approximately 65 mg/dl) glucose clamps. Blood-to-brain glucose(More)
We evaluated whole body and regional adipose tissue lipid kinetics and norepinephrine (NE) spillover during brief fasting in six lean [body mass index (BMI) 21 +/- 1 kg/m2] and six upper-body obese (UBO; BMI 36 +/- 1 kg/m2) women. At 14 h of fasting, abdominal adipose tissue glycerol and free fatty acid (FFA) release rates were lower (P = 0.07), but whole(More)
We evaluated whole body and regional (subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue and forearm) norepinephrine (NE) kinetics in seven lean (body mass index 21.3 +/- 0.5 kg/m2) and six upper body obese (body mass index 36.4 +/- 0.4 kg/m2) women who were matched on fat-free mass. NE kinetics were determined by infusing [3H]NE and obtaining blood samples from a(More)
We tested the hypothesis that as few as two weekly brief episodes of superimposed hypoglycemia (i.e., doubling the average frequency of symptomatic hypoglycemia) would reduce physiological and behavioral defenses against developing hypoglycemia and reduce detection of clinical hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Compared with(More)
To test the hypothesis that glycemic thresholds for cognitive dysfunction during hypoglycemia, like those for autonomic and symptomatic responses, shift to lower plasma glucose concentrations after recent antecedent hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), 15 patients were studied on two occasions. Cognitive functions were assessed(More)
Plasma norepinephrine (NE) concentrations are a fallible index of sympathetic neural activity because circulating NE can be derived from sympathetic nerves, the adrenal medullas, or both and because of regional differences in sympathetic neural activity. We used isotope dilution measurements of systemic and forearm NE spillover rates (SNESO and FNESO,(More)
We tested the hypotheses that 1) hypoglycemia per se stimulates the sympathetic neural as well as the adrenomedullary component of the sympathochromaffin system, and 2) sympathetic neural responses to hypoglycemia, like adrenomedullary responses, are reduced after recent hypoglycemia. To this end, we studied 10 healthy young adults on 2 consecutive days on(More)
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