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Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is accompanied by significant daytime cognitive and behavioral deficits that extend beyond the effects of sleepiness. This article outlines a causal model by which to understand these psychological effects among OSA patients. The model proposes that sleep disruption and blood gas abnormalities prevent sleep-related restorative(More)
This article summarizes correlational, case-control, quasi-experimental, and experimental studies that have examined whether sleep during childhood and adolescence is related to daytime functioning. Published findings suggest that inadequate sleep quality and/or quantity can cause sleepiness, inattention and, very likely, other cognitive and behavioral(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The research literature on the neuropsychological effects of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has yielded seemingly contradictory findings, and narrative reviews of this literature are prone to interpretive errors. We used sophisticated meta-analytic models to minimize such errors, with the goal of clarifying the effect of OSA on(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a fairly common nocturnal breathing disorder, affecting 2-4% of individuals. Although OSA is associated with medical morbidity, its most functionally disruptive effects in adults appear to be neuropsychological in nature. Research on the neuropsychological effects of pediatric OSA has been limited. This study compared the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between sleep and dietary intake in adolescents using an experimental sleep restriction protocol. DESIGN Randomized crossover sleep restriction-extension paradigm. SETTING Sleep obtained and monitored at home, diet measured during an office visit. PARTICIPANTS Forty-one typically developing adolescents age(More)
INTRODUCTION Neuropsychiatric manifestations are common in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) and often include neurocognitive dysfunction (NCD). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can measure brain activation during tasks that invoke domains of cognitive function impaired by cSLE. This study investigates specific changes in brain(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep deprivation is common among adolescents and has been associated with adverse behavioral and educational outcomes. However, it is difficult to draw strong causal conclusions because of a dearth of experimental sleep research. In part, this appears related to methodological challenges when working with this population. This study tested the(More)
OBJECTIVE Determine the effect of moderate and severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) on the sleep of school-aged children. METHODS A concurrent cohort-prospective design compared children aged 6-12 years who sustained moderate TBI (baseline n = 56), severe TBI (n = 53), or only orthopedic injuries (n = 80). Retrospective parental report of pre-injury(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between inadequate sleep and mood has been well-established in adults and is supported primarily by correlational data in younger populations. Given that adolescents often experience shortened sleep on school nights, we sought to better understand the effect of experimentally induced chronic sleep restriction on adolescents' mood(More)
In an effort to characterize how a child goes about learning and recalling information, the developers of the California Verbal Learning Test for Children (CVLT-C) provided normative data related to both learning outcome and learning process. The present study examined the assertion that CVLT-C process indices relate to executive functioning in a sample of(More)