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BACKGROUND The causes of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injury remain an enigma. PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate risk factors for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in a large population of young athletic people. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort study. METHODS In 1995, 1198 new United States Military Academy cadets underwent(More)
This prospective observational study was performed on young patients, less than 24 years old, with first-time, traumatic anterior shoulder dislocations. These patients were offered either arthroscopic or nonoperative treatment. Fifty-three patients chose nonoperative treatment. Sixty-three patients elected to have arthroscopic procedures. The average(More)
The incidence of noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries in young to middle-aged athletes remains high. Despite early diagnosis and appropriate operative and nonoperative treatments, posttraumatic degenerative arthritis may develop. In a meeting in Atlanta, Georgia (January 2005), sponsored by the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, a(More)
Twenty-six consecutive cadet athletes sustained an acute, initial anterior shoulder dislocation. All dislocations required a manual reduction for initial treatment. Arthroscopy was performed within 10 days in all patients. The Beach chair position and interscalene anesthesia were used in each case. At arthroscopy, 25 patients had an avulsion of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine a young athletic population to update the data regarding epidemiology and disability associated with ankle injuries. At the United States Military Academy, all cadets presenting with ankle injuries during a 2-month period were included in this prospective observational study. The initial evaluation included an(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe the radiologic findings of the humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL lesion) and its commonly associated injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review of six cases of HAGL lesion diagnosed at our institution from October 1996 to February 2001 was performed. We reviewed the radiology reports, radiologic(More)
BACKGROUND Symptomatic, traumatic posterior shoulder instability is often the result of a posteriorly directed blow to an adducted, internally rotated, and forward-flexed upper extremity. Operative repair has been shown to provide favorable results. Current arthroscopic techniques with suture anchors and the ability to plicate the capsule using a(More)
There has been increasing interest within the European sports medicine community regarding the etiology and treatment of groin pain in the athlete. Groin pain is most commonly caused by musculotendinous strains of the adductors and other muscles crossing the hip joint, but may also be related to abdominal wall abnormalities. Cases may be termed "pubalgia"(More)
A retrospective study of 50 syndesmosis sprains in 44 football players was performed. Five patients (6 ankles) were lost to follow-up, allowing review of 44 injuries. Average follow-up was 47 months. The patients were evaluated for recurrent injury, overall ankle function, and for persistent ankle symptoms, including stiffness, pain, limping, and swelling.(More)