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BACKGROUND & AIMS There is increasing need for accurate assessment of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. We aimed to develop qFibrosis, a fully-automated assessment method combining quantification of histopathological architectural features, to address unmet needs in core biopsy evaluation of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS qFibrosis was(More)
Liver fibrosis is associated with an abnormal increase in an extracellular matrix in chronic liver diseases. Quantitative characterization of fibrillar collagen in intact tissue is essential for both fibrosis studies and clinical applications. Commonly used methods, histological staining followed by either semiquantitative or computerized image analysis,(More)
INTRODUCTION Transmembrane potentials can be recorded at multiple intramural sites in the intact heart using fiber optic probes or optrodes. The technique has considerable potential utility for studies of arrhythmia and defibrillation, but has not been validated in large mammalian hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS An optrode was used to acquire intramural(More)
We have developed a microfluidic 3D hepatocyte chip (3D HepaTox Chip) for in vitro drug toxicity testing to predict in vivo drug hepatotoxicity. The 3D HepaTox Chip is based on multiplexed microfluidic channels where a 3D microenvironment is engineered in each channel to maintain the hepatocytes' synthetic and metabolic functions. The multiplexed channels(More)
Fast voltage-sensitive dyes are widely used to image cardiac electrical activity. Typically, the emission spectrum of these fluorochromes is wavelength shifted with altered membrane potential, but the optical signals obtained also decay with time and are affected by contraction. Ratiometry reduces, but may not fully remove, these artifacts. An alternate(More)
Numerous pixel design and process improvements have been driven by the need to maintain or improve image quality at an ever smaller pixel size. A major development in imager technology is the mass production of Backside Illumination (BSI) technology for image sensors at low cost and high yield. The Omnivision-TSMC R&D alliance has been focused on the(More)
Significant tissue structures exist in cardiac ventricular tissue that are of supracellular dimension. It is hypothesized that these tissue structures contribute to the discontinuous spread of electrical activation, may contribute to arrhymogenesis and also provide a substrate for effective cardioversion. However, the influences of these mesoscale tissue(More)
Monitoring liver fibrosis progression by liver biopsy is important for certain treatment decisions, but repeated biopsy is invasive. We envision redefinition or elimination of liver biopsy with surface scanning of the liver with minimally invasive optical methods. This would be possible only if the information contained on or near liver surfaces accurately(More)
We develop a standardized, fully automated, quantification system for liver fibrosis assessment using second harmonic generation microscopy and a morphology-based quantification algorithm. Liver fibrosis is associated with an abnormal increase in collagen as a result of chronic liver diseases. Histopathological scoring is the most commonly used method for(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the correlation of MR Elastography (MRE) with morphometric assessment of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS Thirty-two patients with CHB underwent both MRE and a liver biopsy within a 6-month interval. MRE was performed using standard MRE sequence on a 1.5 Tesla clinical scanner. The liver stiffness (LS) was measured(More)