Dean S. Rosenthal

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The antiangiogenic, tubulin-binding drug combretastatin A-4 exhibits a selective toxicity for proliferating endothelial cells in vitro and induces vascular shutdown in tumor models in vivo. The mechanism of combretastatin A-4 cytotoxicity has now been investigated with cultured proliferating human umbilical vein endothelial cells by examining various(More)
Spontaneous apoptosis in human osteosarcoma cells was observed to be associated with a marked increase in the intracellular abundance of p53. Immunoprecipitation and immunoblot analysis revealed that, together with a variety of other nuclear proteins, p53 undergoes extensive poly-(ADP-ribosyl)ation early during the apoptotic program in these cells.(More)
During apoptosis, DNA undergoes fragmentation and caspase-3 cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) into both a 24-kDa fragment containing the DNA binding domain and an 89-kDa fragment containing the catalytic and automodification domains. Atomic force microscopy revealed that recombinant full-length PARP bound to plasmid DNA fragments and linked them(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen is a known growth promoter for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer cells. Paradoxically, in breast cancer cells that have been chronically deprived of estrogen stimulation, re-introduction of the hormone can induce apoptosis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here, we sought to identify signaling networks that are triggered by(More)
Chemotherapeutic refractoriness of advanced cutaneous melanoma may be linked with melanoma-initiating cells, also known as melanoma stem cells. This study aimed to determine relative risk of clonal dominance of the CD133+ phenotype in tissues from melanoma patients with different clinical outcomes that could be(More)
The role for the inhibitors of differentiation (Ids) proteins in melanomagenesis has been poorly explored. In other cell types, Ids have been shown to contribute to cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis and, along with a number of other genes, are direct downstream targets of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β pathway. Expression of Smad7,(More)
Inhibitor of differentiation/DNA-binding (Id) proteins are helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcription factors. The Id protein family (Id1-Id4) mediates tissue homeostasis by regulating cellular processes including differentiation, proliferation, and apoptosis. Ids typically function as dominant negative HLH proteins, which bind other HLH proteins and sequester(More)
Structure-based drug repositioning in addition to random chemical screening is now a viable route to rapid drug development. Proteochemometric computational methods coupled with kinase assays showed that mebendazole (MBZ) binds and inhibits kinases important in cancer, especially both BRAFWT and BRAFV600E. We find that MBZ synergizes with the MEK inhibitor(More)
The Myc/Max/Mad network plays a critical role in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis and c-Myc is overexpressed in many cancers, including HPV-positive cervical cancer cell lines. Despite the tolerance of cervical cancer keratinocytes to high Myc expression, we found that the solitary transduction of the Myc gene into primary cervical and(More)
The antiangiogenic, tubulin-binding drug combretastatin A-4 exhibits a selective toxicity for proliferating endothelial cells in vitro and induces vascular shutdown in tumor models in vivo. The mechanism of combret astatin A-4 cytotoxicity has now been investigated with cultured prolifer ating human umbilical vein endothelial cells by examining various mark(More)